Case Study Article Critique Final Submission.doc

Case Study Article Critique Final Submission.doc - RUNNING...

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Unformatted text preview: RUNNING HEAD: PROMOTING MENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL PRACTICE 1 Promoting Mental Health and Preventing Mental Illness in General Practice 7-1 Article Critique Brenda Brown Southern New Hampshire University PROMOTING MENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL PRACTICE 2 While some individuals don’t think their mental health or illness is critical to function on a daily basis; psychological health can be improved, and mental illness can be cured or balanced. Therefore, it is imperative to achieve the proper treatment to be able to function in society properly. When individuals remove themselves from society, unable to function on a day to day basis, their ability to maintain a healthy lifestyle becomes an everyday challenge. The article that I located is Promoting Mental Health and Preventing Mental Illness in General Practice. This article discusses the routine integration of mental health promotion and prevention to reduce the burden of mental and physical disorders and ensuring pressure on General Practice. (Thomas et al., 2016, para. 1) It’s interesting how this article came about and the tactics used to demonstrate the importance of promoting mental health and preventing mental illness in a general practice. According to Thomas et al., (2016), “The proposals came from an expert ‘Think Tank’ who are professionals from general practice, primary care, public health, psychiatry, and community development” (Thomas et al., 2016, para. 13). Within these professionals, there was expertise in research, epidemiology, guideline development, education, training, and quantitative analysis allowing for a guideline to be developed to better our society through mental health and mental illness. (Thomas et al., 2016, para. 13) Health promotion and prevention are essential actions to take to achieve good mental health and overcome mental illnesses. This article primarily focuses on a method of promotion and prevention concerning mental illnesses and enhancing optimal treatment to reduce the burden of mental illness at an early age. (Thomas et al., 2016, para 2) As strategies are essential for mental health promotion, the authors focus on health promotion and prevention so that 28% of our population can reduce the burden of mental illness. (Thomas et al., 2016, para 4) While determining strategies and reducing the percentage affected will create a beneficial outcome for PROMOTING MENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL PRACTICE 3 individuals by improving quality of life, reduce the possibility of illness both physically and mentally, and save lives by reducing the number of suicides. I believe the authors provide a sound rationale for prevention, as stated by Thomas et al., (2016) “Good mental health is important for the educational achievement of children and their future" (Thomas et al., 2016, para 5). I completely agree with the method illustrated in this article as it enhances quality, demonstrates the importance of treating individuals from an early age which results in a better outcome once the individual becomes an adult” (Thomas et al., 2016, para 5). This method allows individuals to receive early diagnoses, improve mental health, and prevent mental health illness. Thus early detection and treatment allow for incredible ways to improve their quality of life during their entire lifetime. Also, the rationale promotes the future of individuals, physical health, and enhances the economy through early detection and treatment of individuals. It’s simple if individuals are educated and treated at a young age; they prosper into a productive individual as an adult. Thus being able to function at a high quality of life will enhance a healthy lifestyle through personal and professional activities. Evidence Early intervention is the key to this article, demonstrated by Thomas et al., (2016), “Between 25 and 50% of adult mental illness may be prevented through early intervention in childhood and adolescence” (Thomas et al., 2016, para 6). Through early intervention, the overall costs of treating mental illnesses reduce over time. Thomas et al., (2016) states, “The economic benefit of early childhood interventions have been estimated on average to exceed costs by a ratio of 1:6” (Thomas et al., 2016, para 6). Education through the general practice of mental illness and early intervention is essential for all communities to understand to help improve prevention and public mental health overall. Intervention at a community-based level, PROMOTING MENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL PRACTICE 4 such as education and treatment will improve the overall health of our society and stimulate the overall quality of life. Through doing this, public awareness will encourage and enhance promoting and prevention of both mental health and mental illness across the Country. The article speaks of 12 recommendations to follow while achieving the promotion and prevention of mental health and mental illnesses in general practice. Evidence shows, following the right protocols increase the development of good mental health while reducing the rate of mental illness. As stated by Thomas et al., (2016) the following are some of the 12 recommendations and facts within them: Mental health promotion and prevention are too important to wait. As it will not only reduce illness, save lives, and save money, but it will also ultimately reduce the general practice workload as well as promoting resilience and good mental health in the healthcare workforce. (Thomas et al., 2016, para. 18) Work with your community to map risk factors, resources, and assets. By doing this, general practices can develop associations with local authorities, Public Health, Health and Wellbeing organizations and other local organizations within the community. Thus allowing for individuals to have the support and resources they need to achieve the success in overcoming a mental health illness. Provide good health care, medicine, and best practices to provide holistic approach for positive outcomes. Primary care needs to use a proactive approach to manage both mental and physical disorders. (Thomas, et al., 2016, para. 25) Boost resilience in the community through public health by encouraging and advertising psychological health promotion and prevention to everyone. By promoting physical exercise, proper nutrition, good parenting and social networks, has proven better outcomes with mental health and illness. Through general practices be able to identify people at increased risk of a mental disorder or poor health. To do this, promote public physical health and mental health screenings. Always PROMOTING MENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL PRACTICE 5 lead by example, in general practice, evidence shows that people follow others, if medical professionals lead by example, then their patients has a higher opportunity to follow suit. Examples of leading by example would go back to a healthy diet and daily exercise. Ethical challenges to this proposed prevention approach in my opinion would be medical provider’s assumptions towards their patients. As providers may see things that the individual either does not want to accept or does not realize may put the provider in a difficult situation. In this case, early detection, will involve the individual’s parents who may find it insulting if such issues arise when treating children and adolescents. Influence of Context and Assumptions Most individuals who suffer from poor mental health and mental illnesses look to their providers for assistance sometime during their life. As I work in the medical industry, I believe it is essential to list to all patients when they make chief complaints. I am a firm believer that if a patient thinks something is important enough for them to talk about, then the provider should believe it is important enough to listen to and take action. In the case of mental health and illness, this becomes a higher priority as both health and illness can become a more significant issue over time if not addressed or treated when discovered. Conclusions In conclusion, promoting good mental health and preventing mental illness in general practice is imperative. By recognizing risk factors and following recommendations will allow for this to occur while reducing the percentage of those affected. Even though some individuals don’t’ think their mental health or illness is critical, early detection will promote an individual to have a higher quality of life as they move into adulthood. Being successful will encourage wellness both physical and mental throughout adulthood without facing destruction as an adult. PROMOTING MENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL PRACTICE 6 Those who are not diagnosed or recognized through a general practice will live a lesser quality of life and unbalanced adulthood resulting in many consequences. PROMOTING MENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS IN GENERAL PRACTICE 7 Reference Thomas, S. et al., (2016, February 4), London J. Prim Care (Abingdon), Promoting mental health and preventing mental illness in general practice, 8 (1): 3-9, Retrieved from PMC 5330334/, on August 3, 2018 ...
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