Professional Roles & ValuesC304Western Governors UniversityTask 1: Professional Nursing Practice Marissa Davies
Nursing TheoryWhen defining nursing, Virginia Henderson, one of the most well-known and respected nurses to date, stated that “I say that the nurse does for others what they would do for themselves if they had the strength, the will, and the knowledge. But I go on to say that the nurse makes the patient independent of him or her as soon as possible.” She goes on to explain that the nurse’s role is "to get inside the patient's skin and supplement his strength will or knowledge according to his needs." (Henderson, 1991)The Nursing Need Theory is one of my favorite nursing theories. This theory was developed by the woman quoted above, Virginia Henderson. This theory basically states that when patients are allowed to maintain their independence by being involved and completing their own self-care as much as possible, they typically progress quicker and have better outcomes. Excellent Nursing Practices All nurses should be using the Need Theory in their everyday practice. It is instilled in us from the very beginning of nursing school that we are patient advocates, and part of that includes advocating for your patient’s independence. More often than not, the patients we care for are not physically capable of completing their usual everyday tasks due to their current health status, and because of that we tend to take over, forgetting that sometimes our patients can still do things for themselves. It’s easier and faster to complete tasks for them and the need to help is just a natural instinct for a nurse.
By incorporating the need theory into nursing practice, we give our patients confidence that they are still capable of independence which in turn aids in their healing. Patients, especially those who are chronically ill, tend to feel useless and depressed when they are in bad health. This state of mind can affect their healing because they lose motivation and rely too heavily on others. Implementing the Need Theory is a proven way to promote positive patient outcomes, and that in itself is excellent nursing practice. Professional Practice Nursing Theory My entire career in healthcare has revolved around acute critical care. Currently I work in a thoracic intensive care unit, which specializes in open heart surgery, transplants, and mechanical support devices such as ECMO and LVAD’s. Our patient population comes to our floor extremely sick and our goal is to get them well with either some type of surgery or implantation of a support device. Pre-operatively we do a lot for our patients due to their decompensated health. Many are too weak to get out of bed and require total care. Anytime wecan allow them some independence, we jump on the opportunity.
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- Fall '15
- Nursing, American Nursing Association