Discuss disparities related to ethnic and cultural groups relative to low birth weight infants and preterm births. Describe the impact of extremely low birth weight babies on the family and on the community (short-term and long-term, including economic considerations, on- going care considerations, and co-morbidities associated with prematurity). Identify at least one support service within your community for preterm infants and their family. Provide the link for your colleagues to view. Does the service adequately address needs of this population? Explain your answer. Re:Topic 1 DQ 1 Based on ethnic and cultural groups relative to low birth weight infants and preterm births, significant disparities exist. Rates of preterm birth, low birthweight and infant mortality are significantly greater for black non-Hispanic infants than for white non-Hispanic or Hispanic infants. Disparities in poor birth outcomes have lifelong implications for the health and well-being of families and the US population. (Fact-sheet, marchofdimes.org). 15 Million babies are born prematurely each year around the world, out of them one million will die. Infant mortality rates are substantially higher for infants born preterm and low birthweight. In 2010, the overall US infant mortality rate was 6.1 infant deaths per 1000 live births. The rate for black women (11.5 per 1000) was 2.2 times greater than that for white women (5.2), this racial gap has widened as infant mortality rates have declined from 1960 to 2011. A premature birth is a birth that takes place more than three weeks before the baby is due. In other words, a premature birth is one that occurs before the start of the 37th week of pregnancy. Normally, a pregnancy usually lasts about 40 weeks. Premature birth gives the baby less time to develop in the womb. Premature babies, especially those born earliest, often have complicated medical problems. Average medical cost for a healthy baby: $4,389, whereas for a premature baby: $54,194. The cost difference shows how much economic burden is associated with premature babies in the nation. There is a significant (economic) burden on the families besides the medical burden and further financial burden to the health insurance system. It was shown that preterm birth and low birth weight result in substantial ‘out of pocket expenditure’ and emotional distress to the parents. The largest part of parental burden occurs in the long run after infants are discharged from the neonatal unit. Nevertheless, emotional stress is on a very high level during initial hospitalization and significantly increases with decreasing gestational age. /houston is a very useful website for preterm infants and their families. Premature babies and their family-members go through a lot of stress especially emotional and economic level. Resources and support groups in the community can make the stress easier on the parents. Here is a testimony of a mother of two premature boys: "My family and I support the March of Dimes because of the most grueling, scary and emotional experiences of my life — the premature births of both my sons George and Jaden.
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- Fall '14
- The American, Magnesium sulfate, low birth weight, Preterm birth