TEST REVIEW #1

TEST REVIEW #1 - Test Review #1 ~Silk Road: (traded goods...

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Unformatted text preview: Test Review #1 ~Silk Road: (traded goods and ideas) Collapses with the fall of the Roman Empire Re-emerges in the 11 th century Peaks in 1250-1350 *Factors Holding It Together-there was not just 1 power in charge-luxury trade-Mongolian rule-cultural efflorescence (blossoming towards ideas of other cultures) *Collapse-Mongolian Empire collapsed (1350)-Plague (Black Death) wipes out of the population-Islamic hegemony forces Europeans into Atlantic---conquer SE Europe and at gates of Vienna by 1526---push Europeans out of Middle East, Mediterranean, and N. Africa *Impact on Europe and European expansion-Legends of luxurious East remains in Europe-A trade route to China was what Columbus sought in 1492-oceans became a highway instead of a barrier ~Castile style of military expansion: Tactile (characteristics)-pillaging to promote colonization-fortressing to rule natives (intimidate the peasants)-subjugate natives to support Spanish masters (get people to do work for them) Outcome in North America ( successes and limitations)-little available for pillaging-natives were mobile (moved around a lot)-smaller population densities; diseases ~Other European Powers in North America French-Large population and resources-dominated by mobility, church, and monarchy-torn apart by the war-created trading empire Netherlands/Dutch-new on the scene-limited resources and population-created worlds' largest trading ~English Reformation (1534) Separation from the catholic church>> King Henry VIII: he wanted to divorce from his wife and it would allow him to take more control; he soon seized all the properties of the Church and the privileges of church hierarchy Dissolution of the monasteries=new wealth Religious disagreement Political turmoil (gave them somewhere to hide) Consequences for colonization:-Protestant identity-rivalry with France and Spain-must spread Protestantism-manifest destiny---investors for colonialism---persecuted people=colonists **ended up bringing political and religious turmoil that was unwanted ~Growth of London 50,000 in 1500 to 300,000+ in 1700 Parasitic growth: drains countryside Result: shift in population to London, not overall nation growth Consequences of the growth of London:--London becomes the city--cities need to be fed, sheltered, clothed, and heated >>changes in agriculture: more efficient production; regional specialization >>changes in infrastructure >>becomes a supermarket--cash-wage economy--new, enlarged middle class >> Merchants >>professionals >>urban >>liquid assets Implications for the English imperialism: (All about money) All trade routes went through London...
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TEST REVIEW #1 - Test Review #1 ~Silk Road: (traded goods...

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