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THE STANLEY MILGRAM EXPERIMENTThe Stanley Milgram ExperimentStudent’s NameUniversityCourseProfessor’s NameDate
THE STANLEY MILGRAM EXPERIMENTStanley Milgram was a psychologist from Yale University who performed the famousseries of Obedience experiments with shocking results, known today as The Stanley MilgramObedience Experiment. This experimental study was purely based at human psychology andprovided a disturbing image of power of obedience and authority and how common peoplerespond to these concepts. No doubt, the study has a huge impact on psychology itself but today,investigators doubt the results, implications, and the procedures of the study. Stanley Milgramand his experiment series support the notion that many a times, it is not the person or his naturewhich makes him do certain things, but the situation in which he finds himself, makes him docertain acts. The series of experiments started in 1961, right after the trials of World War IIcriminal Adolph Eichmann were happened. Adolph Eichmann ordered the murder of almost 6million Jews in World War II and presented the justification that he was only following theorders of higher authorities. What Eichmann has to say in his defense increase Milgram’s interestin studying and exploring obedience and authority of people. He had many questions in his book,“Obedience to Authority”, published in 1974, including if Eichmann and his subordinates can becalled accomplices on blindly following the orders. This fact is actually interesting in a way thatcan the murderers actually put all the blame on the authority figures and spare themselves or theyactually are indulged in the heinous crime themselves.To conduct this experiment, around 40 people were hired through advertisements innewspaper and were also paid as each one of them received $4.50 for their participation in thestudy. Milgram has developed a threatening shock generator, which started the shock levels fromas low as 30 volts and increasing the voltage with 15 volt increment up to 450 volts. There weremultiple switches given on the shock generator with the labels of “Slight Shock”, “ModerateShock”, and “Danger; Severe Shock”. There were two more switches which remained
THE STANLEY MILGRAM EXPERIMENTmysterious with the label of “XXX”. All participants acquired the roles of teacher who wereinstructed to deliver shock to their students whenever they gave an incorrect answer. Theparticipants actually believed that they are providing real shock to students while in reality, thestudents were the confederates of this study and they only pretended that they were really getting