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CHAPTER 5 - CHAPTER 5 LEARNING LEARNING-any relatively...

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CHAPTER 5: LEARNING LEARNING-any relatively  permanent change in behavior brought  about by  experience or practice ADAPTABILITY-capacity to learn new behaviors to cope with  changing circumstance  (based on experience)  ASSOCIATION: we learn by this --our minds naturally  connect events that occur in sequence --associate the past with the immediate future ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING:  phenomenon of learning that two events occur  together CONDITIONING     :    process of associative learning; we learn to associate two  stimuli and thus  anticipate events BEHAVIORISM : predication and control of behavior  without reference to  thoughts or motivations ***PAVLOV AND CLASSICAL CONDITIONING*** Pavlov-Russian physiologist who discovered classical conditioning  through his work on digestion in dogs (Dogs: before the meat would be  inserted, the dogs would salivate)
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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING-learning to make a reflex response occur in  the presence of a stimulus other than the original stimulus CLASSICAL EXPERIMENT: UNCONDITIONAL STIMULUS (UCS)-not learned -- automatically triggers a response (food) UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UCR)-not learned --naturally  occurring response to the UCS (salivate) CONDITIONED STIMULUS (CS)-learned -- originally, irrelevant stimulus that after association with an UCS  comes to  triggers a conditioned response (bell) CONDITONED RESPONSE (CR)-learned -- learned response to a previously neutral CS (salivate to the bell) **responses are the same, just results of different things EXAMPLE: ice cream man coming UCS-ice cream UCR-wanting ice cream CS-ice cream truck CR-salivate with ice cream bell
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>>The CS must come before the UCS (so you can pair these) >>The CS and UCS must come very close to each other (if not, won’t work) >>The neutral stimulus must be paired with the UCS several times (or  learning won’t take place)
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