3rdChapterOutlineHistory-2.pdf - Alexis Ward Baron...

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Alexis Ward Baron: History-Period 2 Important Words/Events- ….. Important Locations- ….. Names- ….. Chapter Outline Entering the World Stage 1898-1917 I. The Lure Imperialism- The United States entered the imperialistic competition late, but it soon extended its power and influence in the Pacific region. a. Imperialist Activity- Imperialism involves the extension of a nation’s power over other lands. By the late 1800s, nations such as Great Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, and Japan had all embraced imperialist spirit. So, beginning in Hawaii, the U.S. would also pursue imperialistic policies. What led to this quest for empire? 1. Economic Interests a. Industrial Revolution brought great prosperity to Western powers. b. Industrialized nations flooded their own countries with goods and investment capitals. 1. Now looked to other nations for new customers and places to invest. 2. Began to also look to Africa, Asia, and Latin America for new sources of raw materials if their factories. 2. Military Needs a. Industrialized nations created strong navies to defend their shores and protect their trading interests, but navies needed bases where ships could refuel and make repairs. b. Industrialized nations sought foreign territory so they could build these coaling stations in strategic places. 3. Ideology a. Two popular ideologies (set of ideas about human life or culture) contributed to imperialism. 1. One was a strong sense of nationalism, or love of one’s country. Many people felt that territorial conquests enhanced a nation’s power and prestige. 2. Another was a feeling of cultural superiority. Because Africa, Asia, and Latin America had less industry and urban development, they seemed “backward” to many Europeans and Americans in the late 1800s. a. Social Darwinism believed that when nations competed against one another, only the fittest would survive. b. Some people, therefore considered it a social responsibility to “civilize” the inhabitants of less developed countries and spread the benefits of the Western society. c. Protestant Christian missionaries felt they had a moral duty to convert others to their beliefs. 4. The Scramble For Territory a. By the late 1800s, European imperial powers had taken control of vast territories in Africa and Asia, and dominated the economy of Latin America. The British Empire alone ruled about one-quarter of the world’s land and population. France, Belgium, Germany, and Japan also controlled huge areas overseas. b. Many Americans began to believe it was time for the United States to claim its own territories abroad, but others wanted to spread the Christian faith and democratic values. Josiah Strong, a Protestant clergyman, expressed this viewpoint eloquently. c. In the mid-1800s, Americans had believed it was their manifest destiny to expand westward to the Pacific Ocean. Now people sought to move beyond the shoreline, to claim distant islands farther west.

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