100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 13 pages.
Chapter 7- The Executive Branch The bureaucracies of the executive branch are the administrative heart and soul of government- necessary for the maintenance of order in a large society.They are where the policies formulated and passed into law by elected officials are interpreted, implemented, and ultimately delivered into a nation’s citizens. Government touches the lives of ordinary citizens most directly in their interactions with bureaucratic agentsoAt the DMV when obtaining a driver’s license oWhen filing an income-tax return with the Internal Revenue Service oAt the recruiting center when enlisting oAt the Board of Elections when registering to vote Public bureaucracies are powerfuloLegislatures, chief executives, and the people delegate them vast power to make sure a particular job is done- leaves the rest of us freer to pursue our private ends. oExamples: 1.After September 11- revealed underlying appreciation of publicbureaucracies- public supported giving the federal governmentresponsibility for airport security even though this meant expanding the federal bureaucracy2.In 2008 and 2009- Americans looked to the federal bureaucracy to help solve the financial crisisoAmericans have often been suspicious of bureaucracy because…1.Concern about organizational bias Agency executives are often concerned with their budget, power and autonomy compared to other institutions and political forces.An organization’s internal politics. Just as organizations vie with one another, factions within an agency compete with rival groups for money, power, and prestige. Main Points:oThe size of the federal bureaucracy is large but has not been growing faster than the economy or the population as a whole. oBy implementing the laws and policies passed by elected officials, bureaucrats can be seen as agents of Congress and the presidency. As in any principal-agent relationship, the agent (the bureaucracy) is delegated authority and has a certain amount of leeway for independent action.oBureaucrats have their own goals and thus exercise their own influence on policy. Congressional committees use oversight to make the bureaucracy accountable. How Does Bureaucracy Work?
Bureaucratic Organization Enhances EfficiencyoCore of bureaucracy is the division of labor oKey to bureaucratic effectiveness is the coordination of experts performing complex tasks oBureaucracies become hierarchical, and often pyramidal Bureaucracies Allow Governments to OperateoBy diving up tasks, matching them to a labor force that develops appropriately specialized skills, routinizing procedures, and providing