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Poetic DevicesDefinitionExamples1. SimilesA comparison of two unlike things using a word such as like, as, than, or resemblesJoan sings likea birdI wandered lonely asa cloud2. MetaphorA comparison of two unlike things not using like or as where one thing becomes the other.Joan is a singing birdI wasa lonely wandering cloud3. AlliterationThe repetition of the same, or very similar, consonant sounds in wordsthat are close together.Sun sparks on their speckled skins.Lions on the loose4. AllusionIn literature is a reference to a famous historical, biblical, mythological or literary person or event.It was a 911 kind of day wrought with unexpected tragedy. 5. AnalogyA comparison of similar things, often for the purpose of using something familiar to explain something unfamiliar.Comparing how a heart works to a pump6. AssonanceVowel rhyme, or words that have the same vowel sound.The slowly growing mighty oak did shade our home for years.7. Consonancewords that have similar consonant sounds but different vowel sounds.Chitter and chatterPick and sack8. OnomatopoeiaThe use of words whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning.Zip, smash, rip, grrrr, bang, zoom…9. PersonificationA figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts and/ or attitudes.Slowly silently, now the moon/walks the night in her silver shoon;/This way and that,she peers and sees/ Silver fruit upon silver trees/10. Puritan Plain StyleReflected the plain style of their lives – spare, simple, and straightforward.