The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Name_____________________________________ Chapter 5: Languages Key Issue 1: Where Are Languages Distributed? Pages 142-149 ***Always keep your key term packet out whenever you take notes from Rubenstein. As the terms come up in the text, think through the significance of the term. 1. Define language: A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sound understood by a group of people to have the same meaning. 2.Define official language: 3. Define language family : A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history 4. Define language branch : A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family. 5.Define language group:A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary 6. Make brief notes on each of the following language families as you read about them in this section (i.e. how many people speak a language of that family, where spoken, common languages, etc.). See pages 146-149. a. Indo-European - Most widely used language - Dominant in Europe, South Asia, and North and South America b. Sino-Tibetan - Languages that are spoken in China - More than one Chinese language - Most common is Mandarin - One of the official languages of the UN - Communicate (writing) through logograms (each word is a symbo) c. Austronesian - 6% of world - First language is Javanese d. Austro-Asiatic
The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Name_____________________________________ Chapter 5: Languages - 2% of world - Vietnamese is most spoken e. Tai Kadai - Spoken in Thailand and neighboring portions of China -
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- Fall '15
- Tricia Hayes
- Indo-European languages, Germanic languages, Cultural Landscape