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Healthy People 2020: Heart Disease and StrokeAmy ChengChamberlain College of NursingNR503: Population Health Epidemiology and Statistical PrinciplesJuly 2018Healthy People 2020: Heart Disease and Stroke
Healthy People 2020 was initiated to improve the quality of life and promote healthy behaviors across the lifespans of Americans. Based on science and evidence-based resources, Healthy People 2020 initiative covers 42 public health topics, including heart disease and stroke. Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the United States, and worldwide, while stroke is the fifth leading cause of death. Prevention and early treatment is essential to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.Problem OverviewCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the cause of more deaths than many other chronic illnesses. Cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 836,546 deaths in the U.S., and worldwide more than 17.9 million deaths were reported in 2015 (American Heart Association [AHA], 2018). According to Healthy People (2014), one-third of adults live with one or more types of CVD. A genetic disposition also increases one’s risk for CVD. CVD was prevalent in 92.1 million Americans between 2011 and 2014, while the prevalence for stroke was 7.2 million in