Hist 1001 Exam 3 review

Hist 1001 Exam 3 review - Hist 1001 Exam 3 review Week 8...

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Hist 1001 Exam 3 review Week 8 terms: Socrates- Athenian citizen, challenged sophist’s notion that there were no absolutes to Guide human life. His student, Plato, wrote down his ideas. Was executed for not believing in Athenian gods, introducing new gods, and for corrupting cities young men. Socratic Method- style of questioning. What is beauty? Justice? Plato- Socrates student. Established Academy in Athens…taught “forms-represent true Reality.” Wrote the Republic Aristotle- Plato’s student. Founded his own school, The Lyceum . Unlike Plato, he did Not envision the Forms as separate from matter. King Philip of Macedon- demonstrated the advantages of cooperation under his Leadership. Macedonians embraces his leadership. A ruthless Opportunist, great military leader. Created new army, The Campanions. Alexander the Great- Philip’s son. Immense charisma and political craftiness, fearless in Battle. Millions worshipped him as god. Fulfilled his father’s pledge To gain vengeance against Persia. “king of Asia.’ After Alexander, territory was divided into…… Ptolemy- general, establish Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt. Antigonus- “the one eyed” gained control of Macedonia and est. “antigonid dynasty.” Seleucus- gained largest portion of Alex’s conquests, the bulk of the old Persian empire. BIRTH OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Palatine Hill- overlooked the forum. Forum- the place of assembly for judicial and other public business.
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Tiber River- right below rome. Etruscans- descendants of prehistoric Italian peoples. Maintained a loose confederation Of independent cities that often waged war with other Italian peoples. Adopted the greek alphabet. Rules Rome in 6 th century. Had 3 Main Gods: Jupiter Juno Minerva Capitoline Hill- location of grand temple to Jupiter. Looked down the forum. Vestal Virgins- caretakers of the sacred fire and hearth in the Temple of Vesta, One of rome’s most ancient religious sites. Tarquin the Proud- tyrannical Etruscan king overthrown by Brutus. Lucretia- Roman Poet Senate- a body of elders, dealt with legal and financial responsibilities. Consul- advised by the senate Tribune- plebeian elected each year as spokesmen, could veto magistrates decisions And so block arbitrary judicial actions by the patricians. First Punic War- started when rome invaded Sicily, was b/w Rome and Carthage for Control of Sicily. Second Punic War- erupted when Hamilcar’s son, Hannibal, captured the Spanish town Of Saguntum. Hannibal- began 2 nd punic war. Led carthage attack on rome. Scipio Africanus- defeated Hannibal and ended bloodiest war in rome’s history. Third Punic War- resulted in destruction of Carthage. Kingdom of Pergamum- Hellenistic kingdom, worshipped cybele. Battle of Zama- last battle b/w Hannibal..defeated by Africanus.
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THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Paterfamilias- head of a roman family.
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