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October 30, 2016The Second Sex – Simone de Beauvoir 1. Why does de Beauvoir argue that women’s ‘subordinate position’ (xxviii) has been themost ‘advantageous to the ruling caste’ (255) ? Give at least 2 examplesWomen in a subordinate postion, a position that has been assigned to them by men, makes it easy for men to keep their position of superiority and power. It is to their benefit as they have the freedom and opportunities that women do not have. It justifies men and excuses them from all wrongdoings including abuse. Just blaming the subordinate sex for everything is an easy way out and it authorizes men to abuse. De Beauvoir uses the example when Montaigne said, ‘It is easier to accuse one sex than excuse the other’.(xxviii)De Beauvoir also uses Plato when he thanked the Gods for making him a man and not a woman (xxviii) to show the privileges men believe they are entitled to by the will of God.(xxviii). Men like and want to be dominate and if women stood up for themselves it would disrupt and challenge their privileges. So men did what any ruler would do; made sure to turn their superiority into a inherent right and oppressed women throughout history.2. Later in the text, de Beauvoir writes that the ‘secret essence of femininity…fails toexist’(259). Explain the meaning of this claim by appealing to the notions of immanence and transcendence.