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Global_Issues_paper_Fall_2007_Migration[1]

Global_Issues_paper_Fall_2007_Migration[1] - Migration a...

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Migration, a New Threat to the Westphalian State? Evan D’Agostino 106003714 Professor Galla Lahav December 4, 2008 Pick up any major newspaper today and I can almost guarantee you will find an article about immigration somewhere in it. It is an issue many people feel very strongly about; thinking that changes that are occurring are hurting the United States or in fact the Westphalian state system itself. In this paper I plan on showing you how immigration to Westphalia and even more importantly these changes are nothing new. I will address three of these supposed changes that
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are occurring in immigration and then show how these changes, to some extent have been happening for years. The first change I will concentrate on is how the lack of integration of migrants in to new country is causing discord in the country. Second, that migrants are sending a large part of their income to their home country and thus hurting the economy of the host country. Finally that the increase in illegal immigration is proof that states can no longer control their borders. We will be able to see that Westphalian State is not threatened by immigration and that in fact immigration is an essential part of the operation of the state. Many people argue that many western countries do not have very effective policies that help integrate migrants into the culture of the area thus creating the potential for much civil unrest. It is argued that marginalization of migrant workers, which takes the form of low incomes and unskilled jobs, along with prejudice and discrimination that leads to much discontent in the migrant population and is the cause of much civil strife (Hefti). Proponents site an example of this in the riots that occurred in France in 2005. The BBC stated that discrimination against persons with dark skin or Arabic sounding names was a major reason for the riots along with the general French society's negative perceptions of Islam and caused the alienation of some French Muslims and may have been a factor in the causes of the riots (Ghettos). Obviously these violent riots were a threat to the security of the area where they occurred but that does not mean they were a threat to the state of France itself. The fact that the riots lasted only for a short time and that the French government was able to end them proves that the government still had control and that their sovereignty was never really affected. In fact it can be argued that the sovereignty was actually strengthened by these riots. On the 20 November 2005 , Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin announced tightened controls on immigration that includes the increase enforcement of requirements that make it mandatory for immigrants
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seeking 10-year residency permits or French citizenship master the French language and integrate into society (France).
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