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HUMA 1420 Lecture 2 Women in Ancient Korea; Silla Literary Traditions: Hyamgga Sept 20 1. Shamanism 2. Cosmology 3. Animism 4. Totemism 5. Geomancy (Pungsu, Fung Suei) 6. Song of Peaceful Reign (by Queen Chindok) 7. Legends of Three Kingdoms 8. Hyangga Native Songs 9. Hyangch’al Writing System 10. Hwarang Youth Corps 11. Sol Chong (IDU) 12. Regent 13. Mudang Shaman 14. Gut Ritual 15. Ch’oe Ch’iwon Thesis sentence part one: Women had great power in ancient kingdoms but the three kingdoms and Silla became more patriarchal and women lost status. 4. Shamanism The native religion of Korea while Buddhism, Confucianism & Taoism were imported from China The symbols of worship in Shamanism were related to ‘totemism,’ which means that each tribe or clan had an animal protector (Tangun) The early history of women is bound up Believed that everything had a soul (mountain, animals, etc) that nature is sacred Totem – object that protects a group of people (a sprite animal) Each family had a house spirit Female Shamans outnumbered male Shamans Fortune telling and geomancy o Geomancy is an art of predicting o Certain lands/mountains/water flows and determines if the location will bring fortune, or misfortune 5. Female Shamanism Female Shamans had three major functions: Priestess who presided over national rituals Healers of the sick Diviners who foretold the future of individuals as well as of the nation 6. Mudang performing at a gut (Shin Yun-bok, Late Choson) Mudang = Shaman
HUMA 1420 Lecture 2 Women in Ancient Korea; Silla Literary Traditions: Hyamgga Sept 20 Performing a ritual, dancing and singing For people who are sick Shaman rituals were noisy 7. Buddhism Buddhism was first introduced during the Koguryo Period around 372 CE Buddhism became the state religions of the subsequent Silla and Koryo Dynasties There was a certain degree of equality for women in Buddhist practices In unified Silla, women were turning away from Shaminism and became interested in Buddhism

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