Unit One-Mus 116-Elements Lecture-Summer 2014 (1).doc - Mus...

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Mus 116Music AppreciationDr. Tony MazzaferroPart One: the Elements of Music – Text (8thEd.) Pages 1-55Listening: The following selections can be found at the ConnectKamien websiteStravinsky: The Firebird, FinaleEllington: C Jam Blues Britten: The Young Persons Guide To The Orchestra Arlen: Over The RainbowChopin: Prelude in E minor for piano, Op. 28, No. 4 Bizet: L’Arlesienne Suite, No. 2 “Farandole” Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op. 71a, “Dance of the Reed Pipes” Bach: Suite for Lute in E Minor, BoureeUnit One: The Elements of MusicAs you get started on this musical experience I should warn you not to panic! The authors of every Music Appreciation textbook face the challenge of trying to explain the “elements” without scaring you off! I’m not sure if Kamien succeeded, but he gives it a valiant effort. I must admit to you this will be the most technical part of our course.As you are studying the elements you may be overwhelmed by sheer amount of material musicians learn in order to produce a sound and perform with other musicians. We, as musicians, spend years learning what is presented to you in just about fifty-five pages, and you are expected to grasp these concepts within the first weeks of the course!SoundThe first, and probably most, important element of music is “sound”. As you will hear, “sound” can be many things to a composer. Here are some things every composer must consider when writing music:Pitch – the highness/lowness of a soundTone – The quality of the soundInterval – The distance between notesOctave – The repetition of the same note eight steps awayRange – The overall distance from the lowest note to the highest noteDynamics – The loudness or softness of a soundTimbre – Tone color (usually referring to specific instrument, or ranges on instruments)
RhythmMusic is the only art form that exists in “time”. How this “time” is arranged is determined by the element of rhythm. As we will see, and hear, in the Renaissance (1450-1600) musical time and melodic lines didn’t always “line up”! As with any element of music, there are several subdivisions.

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