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Chapter 4 / Exercise RQ4-14
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Course-105 Research Methods in Agricultural Extension AEM-105 Research Methods in Agricultural Extension (2 Credits) Unit –3: Literature Review and Developing Theoretical Orientation Post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural Extension Management (PGDAEM) Unit-3 Page 1
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Chapter 4 / Exercise RQ4-14
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Course-105 Research Methods in Agricultural Extension Literature Review and Developing Theoretical Orientation Structure 3.0 Objectives 3.1 What is a literature review? 2.2. What is the purpose of literature review? 2.3. What a literature review can demonstrate? 2.4. What are the key features of a literature review? 2.5. What strategies should you follow for working bibliography to literature review? 2.6. How to organize your literature review? 2.7. What format to follow for writing references? 2.8. Why should we develop theoretical orientation? 2.9. Let us sum up 3.0 Objectives By the end of this course you will be able to understand The importance of literature review for conducting research and The techniques for analyzing, synthesizing, comprehending and reporting literature review 3.1 What is a literature review? Literature review is a continuous process on the part of the researcher and it starts even before finalizing research problem. The literature review conveys to your reader the existing knowledge and ideas on your research topic, and the strengths and weaknesses of these texts / experiments / studies. You should clearly organize literature review in line with the focus of your research (your objectives, research question or argument). You should understand that it Post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural Extension Management (PGDAEM) Unit-3 Page 2
Course-105 Research Methods in Agricultural Extension is not a mere descriptive list or set of summaries, but an evaluation of the research already conducted that provides a context to your writing. Please do not confuse literature review with the reviewing or critical evaluation of political, social or economical conditions that is found in popular newspapers such as The Times of India, The Hindu or Deccan Chronicle . Even if little has been written about your specific topic of research, the literature review establishes how and why the gap you are filling may exist and the comparability of other studies. 3.2 What is the purpose of Literature Review? The purpose of literature review can be enlisted as follows. As you can see, these are self explanatory but for better understanding we will discuss each point in brief. 1. Distinguishing what has been done from what needs to be done: As you know that the research is an ongoing process, the present researchers need to take into account the work already done in the field of his/her interest. You cannot afford to rediscover what has already been discovered. Do not reinvent wheel. However, if you have a counterview, then you may go on to disapprove established theories or laws. 2. Discovering important variables relevant to the topic: This is one of the important purposes for any researcher. Identifying variables relevant to your topic by simply visualizing is not a

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