Ch.15 History.docx - LeMarcus Echoles APUSH Chapter 15...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

LeMarcus Echoles APUSH03/09/17Chapter 15: Reconstruction and the New SouthThe Problems of PeacemakingThe Aftermath of the War and EmancipationSouthern towns and fields ruined, many whites stripped of slaves and capital, currency worthless, little property. Thousands of soldiers (>20% of adult white male pop) had died, ppl wanted to preserve what was leftMany emancipated slaves wandered looking for family, work. Almost none owned land or possessionsCompeting Notions of FreedomFreedom to blacks meant end to slavery, injustice, humiliation. Rights and protections of free menalso desiredAAs differed over how to achieve freedom: some wanted economic redistribution including land, others wanted legal equality and opportunity. All wanted independence from white controlWhites wanted life w/o interference of North or federal govt. Thirteenth Amendment (Dec 1865) had abolished slavery, but many planters wanted blacks to be tied to plantationsMarch 1865 Congress created Freedmen’s Bureau to distribute food, create schools, & help poor whites. Only a temporary solution, only operated for 1 yrIssues of ReconstructionPolitical issue when S states rejoined Union b/c Democrats would be reunited, threatened Repub nationalistic legislation for railroads, tariffs, bank and currency. Many in N wished to see S punished for suffering rebellion causedRepubs split btwn Conservatives and Radicals- Con wanted abolition but few other conditions forreadmission, Radicals (led by Rep Thaddeus Stevens of PA + Sen Charles Sumner of MA) wanted Confed leaders punished, black legal rights protected, property confiscation. Moderates inbetweenPlans for ReconstructionLincoln proposed 1863 lenient Reconstruction plan- favored recruiting former Whigs to Repubs, amnesty to white Southerners other than high Confed officials. When 10% of ppl took loyalty oath state govt could be established. Questions of future of freedmen deferred for sake of rapid reunificationThe occupied Louisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee rejoined under plan in 1864
LeMarcus Echoles APUSH03/09/17Radicals unhappy with mild plan. Wade-Davis Bill 1864 proposed governor for each state, when majority of ppl took allegiance oath constitutional convention could be held w/ slavery abolished,former Confed leaders couldn’t vote. After Congress would readmit to Union. Lincoln pocket vetoedThe Death of LincolnApril 14, 1865 Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes BoothHysteria in N w/ accusations of conspiracy. Militant republicans exploited suspicions for months, ensured a mild plan would not come soonJohnson and “Restoration”Johnson became leader of Moderate and Conservative factions, enacted his “Restoration” plan while Congress in recess during summer 1865Plan offered amnesty to southerners taking allegiance oath, Confed officials + wealthy planters needed special presidential pardon. Like Wade-Davis Bill had provisional governors,

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture