End-of-Life Decisions revised.docx - Running head END OF...

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Running head: END OF LIFE DECISIONS 1 End-of-Life Decisions: Policy Law Ethics and Regulations Name Institution
END OF LIFE DECISIONS 2 End of Life Decisions Introduction End of life decisions is a crucial matter relating to the critically ill patients in intensive care units. It involves making decisions whether to initiate or discontinue the life support to patients in the ICU and whether to place a feeding tube among other decisions. This paper will focus on analyzing the role of nurses in EOL decision making and the effects of EOL regulations as well as the ethical considerations that have influenced the policy decisions (Erbguth & Erbguth, 2016). Role of the Nurse in EOL Decision making Nurses are essential in supporting EOL care decisions and advocating for both patients and families in the healthcare systems. This is for the primary reason that they spend more time with the patients who are facing death than any other member of the team. They are also more trusted by the families of the patient. Therefore a nurse plays a vital role as a supporter, information broker, and an advocate for the patient and the families of the patient (Wilkinson, Truog & Savulescu, 2016) Supporter Nurses take the supportive role at the end of life decisions care by creating a trusting relationship with the members of the family when making decisions. They support the patients and the family members in decision-making regarding complex issues of end of life. They facilitate empathy for the patients, family, and physicians (Halpern, 2015). Information broker
END OF LIFE DECISIONS 3 Nurses play a crucial role in facilitating communication between the family members of the patient and the healthcare team in charge of the patient. The nurses employ three strategies that they use to carry out this role; they relay information about the patients, they are also in charge of getting to know the psychological and emotional state of the families. They also act as a source of information to help the doctors in EOL decision making. The nurses are also in charge of explaining the condition of the patient to the family members and explaining the medical terms

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