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RUNNING HEAD: STATE OF HEALTHCAREKathleen MartinezSouthern New Hampshire University IHP 501 – Global Health and Diversity Project 1 Milestone 1 – Introduction and General State of HealthcareMay 20181
RUNNING HEAD: STATE OF HEALTHCAREIntroductionThe purpose of this country profile is to look at the healthcare delivery system in another country and the role of political policy on healthcare and its citizens. The country I chose to profile is South Africa, I am planning a trip to South Africa and I am eager and excited to learn the history and culture. As many other people, I always hear about the health issues going on in Africa. It has made me wonder why such a large country can have so many health issues and inequality when it comes to obtaining proper care. It is estimated that South Africa has a population of 55,91 million people, 49% (27,38 million) male and 51% (28,53 million) female. The National Government of South Africa includes, Parliament, Cabinet and other various Departments, there respective functions are outlined in the Constitution and in legislation enacted by Parliament (The Government of South Africa: Overview, n.d.). South Africa occupies most of the southern tip of Africa; its long coastline stretches more than 3,000 km from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic coastsouthwards around the tip of Africa and then north to the border of subtropical Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. South Africa is a relatively dry country, with an average annual rainfall of about 464 mm. While the Western Cape gets most of its rainfall in winter, the rest of the country is generally a summer-rainfall region (South Africa Yearbook, 2016/2017). General State of HealthcareThere are many health related issues in South Africa, the two major ones that the country is currently battling are: HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis.