Module 4 Report Noemi Baechi.docx - Facility Layout Module...

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Facility Layout Module 4 ReportModule 4 ReportNoemi BaechiEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical UniversityJune 20181
Facility Layout Module 4 ReportA layout is an operation “concerned with the physical location of its transforming resources, that is deciding where to put the facilities, machines, equipment, and staff in operation” (Collier & Evans, 2015). There are four different types of layouts that are used in manufacturing, which are: Product, Process, Fixed Position and Group technology or Cellular Layout. “Product layouts arrange activities in a line according to the sequence of operations that need to be performed to assemble a particular product” (Collier & Evans, 2015). Each product should have its own “line.” It is suitable for mass production or repetitive operations in which demand is steady, and the volume is high. It also is more autonomous than process layouts. Product layout needs material moved in one direction along with the assembly line and always inthe same pattern. The most common material handling equipment used in product layouts is the conveyor (Zhao, n.d.). Some advantages of product layout are that it is efficient and easy to use; there are low unit costs and low labor skills that are needed; high volume; raw material handling;high efficiency and utilization; simple to track and control and it has simple routing and scheduling. There may be several benefits of product layouts; however, there are also some disadvantages. It is inflexible in volume, design, and mix; it is boring for labor, which causes

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