Assignment 4: Rationale and Analysis for Agency Selected, Part 4 Mark Pantaleo, PhDPAD 530: Public Personnel ManagementSeptember 4, 2017Introduction
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention is a federal agency under the Department of Health and Human Services. Founded in 1946, the mission of the agency is to protect Americafrom health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S.[Cen171] The agency started out with a budget of only 10 million and a team of under 400 working to prevent malaria from spreading across the nation. As time progressed, they saw the need to include other diseases and find out what makes people sick and if others have been exposed. Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, today the CDC has over 10 locations across the U.S., employees over 12,000 individuals, and an annual budget of 7.2 billion.[Cen171].The CDC focus is conducting critical science and providing health information that protects our nation against expensive and dangerous health threats. These threats include the spread of disease, environmental and occupational health and safety, and respond when these threats arise.[Cen171] The most notable events from the last few years include the 2010 earthquake response efforts in Haiti that prevented 7,000 deaths from cholera,2012 fungal meningitis outbreak, 2014 Ebola outbreak, and the 2016 Zika virus outbreak.[Cen171]Agency FunctionsOne of the main function of the CDC is to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. Theyhelp save lives by responding to emergencies, providing expertise, developing vaccines, and detecting disease outbreaks wherever they arise. Disease prevention efforts include educating thepublic on how to recognize and avoid contracting common infectious diseases, such as the flu and strep throat[Rou17]. The staff works to strengthen local and state public health departments and promote health programs that are proven to work. [Cen171] By collecting and analyzing datacollected, the CDC determines how the diseases will affect the population all over the world. Whether it is helping current employees and staff learn new procedures or even teaching the
public about how to test and treat anyone who may have been exposed to an infectious disease. From the Zika and Ebola outbreaks, the CDC works hard to build public health infrastructures to stop communicable disease. Through its partnerships with agencies at all levels of government both domestically and internationally, the CDC is the leader in efforts to control and prevent control infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, workplace hazards, disabilities and environmental health threats.[Rou17]. Not only do they work to prevent bioterrorism, but they also maintain health statistics for the nation. The primary focus of the agency is divided into five main areas:increasing support to local and state health departments, improving global health, decreasing leading causesof death, strengthening surveillance and epidemiology, and reforming health policies[Rou17].