test #2 - 1 Pendelton Civil Sevice Act 1883 The first...

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1. Pendelton Civil Sevice Act - 1883 - The first federal regulatory commission. Office holders would be assessed on a merit basis to be sure they were fit for duty. Brought about by the assassination of Garfield by an immigrant who was angry about being unable to get a government job. Sig: caused many to reconsider the spoil system. 2. Republicans and Democrats - *** The Republican Party could count on the support of US Army veterans, African Americans, businessmen who favored high tariffs, Midwestern farmers when the farm economy was flourishing, and most middle-class Protestants outside the South. *** The Democratic Party relied upon whites in the South, immigrants controlled by urban political machines, Midwestern farmers in bad economic times, workers in bad times, and those professionals and businessmen interested in foreign trade and, thus, a low tariff 3. Populist Party - The Populist Party, or people's party, was a party that represented the common men. Wanted government to control the railroad so the prices would be controlled., ristrict emigration, popular election of senators, 8hr workday etc. . Sig: The Populist platform represented views of farmers in the West. 4. Grover Cleveland - Cleveland was the first Democrat to be president since Buchanan. His presidential term was marked by a lot of unrest because of the Panic of 1893. He blamed the Populist party and the Sherman Antitrust act for most of the problems the country was experiencing. Sig: With his presidency the country experienced some of the problems with the gold-standard . 5. Panic of 1893 - This panic swept the country two months after the second inauguration of President Grover Cleveland. Banks closed their doors, railroads went bankrupt, and stock market crashed. Sig: convinced many that the gold- standard was to blame for most of the economic problems the country was experiencing. 6. Jacob S. Coxey - 1893 - Group of unemployed workers led by Jacob Coxey who marched from Ohio to Washington to draw attention to the plight of workers and to ask for government relief. Government arrested the leaders and broke up the march in Washington Sig: He wanted to dramatize the plight of the workles s. 7. William Jennings Bryan – He is know for his famous speech “Cross of Gold.” In the election of 1896, he received most of the populist support, and his main platform for the election was to make silver available so the working class would have more cash. Sig: Turned the gold argument into a moral issue . 8. William Henry Seward – secretary of state, negotiated the purchase of Alaska in 1867. $7.2 million was paid to Russia for Alaska, and it was highly contested by Congress, and at times his purchase was called ‘seward’s folly because the land seemed worthless. Sig: Expands the territory owned by the US. 9.
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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test #2 - 1 Pendelton Civil Sevice Act 1883 The first...

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