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Journal of Advanced Review on Scientific Research ISSN (online): 2289-7887 | Vol. 14, No.1. Pages 12-16, 2015 12 Penerbit Akademia Baru Sex Education Beyond School: Implications for Practice and Research S. S. Ihwani *,1,a , A. Muhtar 1,b , N. Musa 1,c , N. A. Z. Ab Rahim 1,d , Z. N. Rashed 2,e 1 Faculty of Islamic Civilization, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 54100, Jalan Semarak, Kuala Lumpur 2 Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor, Bandar Seri Putra, 43000, Kajang, Selangor *,a [email protected], b [email protected], c [email protected], d [email protected], e [email protected] Abstract The negative consequences of teenage sexual behavior are issues of concern in Malaysia and many other Muslim countries. In Malaysia, sexual health education is taught various subjects namely Islamic Education, Moral Education, Science, Additional Science and Biology. Current Malaysia Government implemented new sexual health education module in primary school on 2014. The aim of this paper is to review the current literature on school sex education and the role social factors play in teenage sexual behavior. This paper argues that school cannot stand alone provide sufficient guidance to change teenage sexual behavior. Cooperative between schools, young people, their families and communities is crucial to enhance the effectiveness of sex education. This information is important to facilitate the comprehensive sexual health education in Malaysian schools . Copyright © 2015 Penerbit Akademia Baru - All rights reserved. Keywords: Sex education, Sexual health education, Teenage sexual behavior 1.0 INTRODUCTION The emphasize on the need of sex education starts to show when statistic related to moral issues such as free mixing, baby born out of wedlock, drug abuse and addiction, rape, theft, prostitution and sex out of wedlock start to increase rapidly from time to time. The desire to know more about matters related to sex is believed to be the source to this problem. For Islamic countries, sex education is still not being taught widely such as in Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Malaysia and Indonesia. Elements of sex education is inserted in some subjects and discussed only superficially. Recent news in Malaysia about a girl who possibly gave birth at age 12 has provoked a serious political debate over the high rate of teenage pregnancies in Malaysia [1]. Politicians started suggest new single subject on sex education. The adverse consequences of early sexual initiation, such as increased lifetime sexual partners, unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections are issues of concern in Malaysia as Muslim country. The aim of his paper is to review the current literature on school sex education and the role of social factors play in teenage sexual behavior. 2.0 METHODOLOGY The Mendeley databases were searched using the term ‘sex education’, ‘sexual behaviour’, and teenagers/adolescent/ young people in combination.
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Journal of Advanced Review on Scientific Research ISSN (online): 2289-7887 | Vol. 14, No.1. Pages 12-16, 2015 13 Penerbit Akademia Baru 3.0 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION The majority of the studies reviewed involved young people in Malaysia. Five key themes were
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