Theologies of Liberation in Palestine-Israel 6 attempt to “reconceptualize the Christian faith from the perspective of the poor and the oppressed.” For Jon Sobrino (Chopp and Regan 2005, 475), the poor were a privileged channel of God’s grace (Chopp and Re- gan 2005, 475). According to Phillip Berryman, liberation theology was, “an interpretation of Christian faith through the poor’s suffering, their struggle and hope, and a critique of society and the Catholic faith and Christianity through the eyes of the poor” (Berryman 1987, 4). Fourth, awareness of the failure of development programs led to the use of Marxist analysis to try to understand what was going on in society. Chopp and Regan (2005) described this process thus: Liberation theology is a critique of the structures and institu- tions that create the poor, including the primary identification of modern Christianity with the rich. In order to do this, libera- tion theology engages in dialogue not only with philosophy but also with the social sciences. As a theological discourse of cri-
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