Directing Theatre.pdf - Directing Theatre The word director comes from the Greek didaskalos or teacher\"The most important thing in a work of art is that

Directing Theatre.pdf - Directing Theatre The word director...

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Directing Theatre
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The word directorcomes from the Greek didaskalos,or teacher. "The most important thing in a work of art is that it should have a kind of focus; that is, there should be some place where all the rays meet or from which they issue.” --LEO TOLSTOY "The director combines the involvement of the actor with the detachment of the spectator, the practicality of the performer with the critic's interest in the whole.” --ERIC BENTLEY
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The Birth of Directors Prior to the 19th century, the role of the stage director was perhaps filled by the playwright or lead actor. In the theatre of Ancient Greece, the choregus (head of the chorus) often directed/coordinated the singing and movement. The actor-managerof the 19thcentury. The actor-manager was a star performer who was also the head of the theatre company.
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Who is considered the first modern director? George II, the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1826-1914) Operated a small professional theatre Used the ensemblesystem no “star performers Long rehearsal periods (6-8 months) Advocated historical accuracy in sets and costumes a realistic style of production Stanislavsky was so impressed that he used many of the Duke’s techniques with the Moscow Art Theatre
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George II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen “Meiningen's work revealed the necessity for a commanding director who could visualize an entire performance and give it unity as an interpretation by complete control of every moment of it; the interpretive value of the smallest details of lighting, costuming, makeup stage setting; the immense discipline and the degree of organization needed before the performance was capable of expressing the ‘soul of a play.’" LEE SIMONSON on SAXE-MEININGEN
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Konstantin Stanislavski (1863-1938) In his travels throughout the world with the Moscow Arts Theater, Stanislavsky earned international acclaim as an actor, director, and coach. Among his collaborators were the writers Tolstoy and Chekov. Stanislavsky’s new “method” of acting supported actors in a more realistic, psychologically-based approach, it also demanded that they pay closer attention to the important unsaid (subtext) messages within the writing. This prompted playwrights such as Chekov to make subtler emotionally alive work and established “Realism” as the dominant theatrical form of the 20thcentury.
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A sketch by Saxe-Meiningen for a crowd scene in a production he directed. He was famous for his staging of crowd scenes.
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“The director is the true artist of the theatre.” Max Reinhardt (1873-1943) Another early director, Max Reinhardt, also staged spectacular crowd scenes.
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  • Spring '08
  • Kratochvil,K
  • Theatre, Constantin Stanislavski, Script Analysis, rehearsals vocal rehearsals

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