100%(3)3 out of 3 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 4 pages.
Theories of DevianceStudent Learning Outcomes EssayWhen explaining deviance and it different theories, it does always have to mean negative.Deviance is a behavior that violates the expected rules and norms, and it come mean something
positive and negative depending on the perspective. It is studied on why people violate and how do we react to it. The three social foundations of deviance are conflict, functional analysis, and functional analysis which all have different theories, approaches to deviance and studies. Structural functionalism is a theory which explains our society functions as a complex system, which tries to display stability and solidarity by using a social structure to maintain a balance. Most functionalist theorist believed that social control is positive for society because it’sa useful purpose. Emile Durkheim, a French sociologist who based his studied on the structural functionalism believed that a society was greater than an individual. He believed and studied thatdeviance fulfilled specific functions such as affirm cultural values and norms, clarification of moral boundaries, promoting social unity and encourages social change. He believed if deviance