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Alyze JohnsonSCI201-1803A-18Sylvia NemmersAugust 1, 2018SCI201 Unit 4 Individual ProjectMunicipal solid waste is also known as trash or garbage. It consists of our everyday itemswe use then throw away. Proper ways to dispose of the waste has been a debate for decades now. The problem of where to dump the waste even existed before industrialization. Villages were scattered and small, and land was abundant. “People took the simplest solution: find a bit of land not useful for anything else and dump all their refuse there” (D, 2018). They considered this bit of land a “dump”. These early dumps were not healthy and attracted rats, mice, and birds all of which caused diseases that no one then understood. This resulted in the change of the process of getting rid of waste because among those diseases, the vermin caused outbreaks of the plague. Open dumping is illegal in the United States. It is an illegal dumping site that should not be confused with a municipal solid waste landfill. Open dumps are usually found heaped at the bottom of ravines and alongside roads. “Open dumps pose the following environmental threats: disease carried by mosquitos, flies, and rodents., contamination of drinking water, and damage toplant and wildlife habitats” (Batty, n.d.). An early landfill was created on unused land and had little concern on how it impacted the surrounding areas. The waste was compacted every day andsoil was thrown over it to reduce odor and contamination. Early landfills differ from open dumpsbecause they are not illegal. They were regulated and a more advanced way of getting rid of