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test review final - WFSC 201 Fall 2007 Exam 2 Study Guide...

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WFSC 201- Fall 2007- Exam 2 Study Guide WFSC 201 Exam 2 Study Guide The following material is what I think you need to focus on understanding from the materials since the first exam, including lectures, reading materials, and workbook exercises. Note that there will be no questions from the presentations. The breakdown of questions (40 total) will be approximately 20 from the lecture material, 10 from Sand County Almanac, 5 related to the black-capped vireo, and 5 from the homework assignments. LECTURE MATERIAL Approaches to Solving Conservation Problems What is a metapopulation? What do we mean by “sources” and “sinks”? Which approach to conservation tries to specifically understand how different populations of a species interact with each other? What do these terms mean: indicator species, keystone species, flagship species, umbrella species? Know a couple of examples of each. What is adaptive management? What is ecosystem management? What is systematic conservation planning? Know some of the major reasons why some reserve designs are better than others and why. What approach to conservation seems the easiest way to convince the public of the need for conservation? Why? What was the Northwest Forest Plan? About how much of the world’s land area is protected? What are some problems with relying on protected areas for conservation purposes? Forest & Range Management What is an ecological gradient? How do they influence species composition and ecological communities? How do forest vegetation communities in mountainous areas respond to certain environmental gradients? How does disturbance influence species composition and ecological communities? What is an edge effect? Is this a good thing, a bad thing, or neutral? What is an ecological trap? Is fragmentation bad for all species? How do edges differ ecologically from interior habitats? Are all disturbances equal?
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