History essay Cold War.docx - Cold War NATO and Warsaw Pact Identify and explain the significance of two developments in the Cold War COMECON and

History essay Cold War.docx - Cold War NATO and Warsaw Pact...

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Cold War – NATO and Warsaw Pact Identify and explain the significance of two developments in the Cold War: COMECON and Marshall Plan After WW2, the world was in ruins, and USA and USSR emerged as the main superpowers. The US wanted to exert their influence over a recovering Europe, as much as USSR wanted to regain stability and control over Europe. This tension sparked the Cold War which lasted from 1949 to 1991. This non-confrontational war divided the whole of Europe, and the world, in two parts: The USSR supporting communists and USA supporting democratic capitalists. Each side wanted to demolish the other in a bid for power and control. The war broke out to decrease the spread of the other ideology and increase their own influence to allow easier trade, more power and increased wealth. USA thus implemented the policy of containment led by the Marshall plan. The USSR felt the US policy of containment was a threat and countered by implementing the Council for Mutual Economic Union (COMECON). These two developments were huge and escalated the war significantly, with the Marshall Plan being more impactful of the two. The Marshall Plan was created to suppress communist influence in Europe. The Plan served to aid Western European countries and USSR’s satellite states in a bid to grow to reduce communism growth and favour capitalism in Europe. If support for communism would reduce, USSR would be weakened and communism would slowly die out, proving USA to be the only major superpower in the world. However, USSR responded by

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