Age_Sex_Distribution.pdf - The United Republic of Tanzania Population Distribution by Age and Sex National Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Finance Dar

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Unformatted text preview: The United Republic of Tanzania Population Distribution by Age and Sex National Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Finance Dar es Salaam and Office of Chief Government Statistician President’s Office, Finance, Economy and Development Planning Zanzibar September, 2013 UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA, ADMINISTRATIVE BOUNDARIES i Foreword The 2012 Population and Housing Census (PHC) for the United Republic of Tanzania was carried out on the 26th August, 2012. This was the fifth Census after the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964. Other Censuses were carried out in 1967, 1978, 1988 and 2002. The 2012 PHC, like others, will contribute to the improvement of quality of life of Tanzanians through the provision of current and reliable data for policy formulation, development planning and services delivery as well as for monitoring and evaluating national and international development frameworks. The 2012 PHC is unique in the sense that, the information collected will be used in monitoring and evaluating the Development Vision 2025 for Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar Development Vision 2020, Five Year Development Plan 2011/12 – 2015/16, National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP) commonly known as MKUKUTA and Zanzibar Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (ZSGRP) commonly known as MKUZA. The census will also provide information for the evaluation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015. The Poverty Monitoring Master Plan, which is the monitoring tool for NSGRP and ZSGRP, mapped out core indicators for poverty monitoring against the sequence of surveys, with the 2012 PHC being one of them. Several of these core indicators for poverty monitoring will be measured directly from the 2012 PHC. The census will also provide a denominator for the determination of other indicators such as enrolment and literacy rates, infant and maternal mortality rates, unemployment rate and others. The Population Distribution by Age and Sex is the second of a series of planned publications for the 2012 PHC. The main purpose of the report is to give aggregated totals of population by age and sex at national, regional and district council level for informed decision making. The next reports in the series will present the socio-economic characteristics of the population at national, regional and district levels. The success of the census depended upon the cooperation and contributions from the government, development partners, various institutions and the public at large. A special word of thanks should go to the government leaders at all levels particularly, Minister for Finance; Minister of State, President’s Office, Finance, Economy and Development Planning, Zanzibar; Members of Parliament; Members of House of Representatives; Councilors; Regional and District Census Committees chaired by Regional and District Commissioners; Field Assistants; Enumerators; Supervisors; local leaders and heads of households. ii Our special gratitude should go to the following; DfID, Government of Japan, JICA, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, USAID, World Bank and other development partners for providing assistance in terms of equipment, long and short term consultancies, training and funding. We would like to thank religious and political party leaders, as well as Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), mass media and the general public for their contribution towards successful implementation of the census. Last but not least, we would wish to acknowledge the vital contributions to the project by Hajjat Amina Mrisho Said, the 2012 Commissioner for Population and Housing Census and Mr. Mwalim Haji Ameir, the Census Commissar for Zanzibar. Special thanks should also go to the Management and staff of the National Bureau of Statistics and Office of Chief Government Statistician, Zanzibar. Their commitment and dedication made significant contributions to the overall efficiency of the census operations. We would also like to convey our appreciation to all other Government Officials who worked tirelessly to ensure successful implementation of the 2012 Population and Housing Census. Hon. Mizengo Peter Pinda (MP), Prime Minister, United Republic of Tanzania Hon. Ambassador Seif Ali Iddi (MP and MHR), Second Vice President, Zanzibar September, 2013 iii Organization of the Report The Population Distribution by Age and Sex Report is the second in a series of publications earmarked for 2012 Population and Housing Census (PHC). The Report presents aggregated totals of the population by age and sex at national, regional and district or council levels. Chapter one gives an overview of the 2012 PHC, giving a brief history of Census undertaking in Tanzania, objectives and preparations of the 2012 PHC, enumeration and post-enumeration activities. The chapter also highlights the main challenges faced during the implementation of Census. Chapter Two deals with evaluation of the quality of age and sex data. In this chapter, the quality of age data is examined using five dimensions, namely, line graphs, population pyramids, indices of digit preference, diagonal consistency and vertical consistency checks. Chapter Three gives result highlights on the population distribution by age and sex. Summary results are presented on age and sex structure by major population age groups such as population under 15 years of age, population aged 15-24, population 15-64 and elderly population. Highlights are given for the United Republic of Tanzania, Tanzania Mainland and Tanzania Zanzibar and regional levels. A brief descriptive analysis of the information is also presented. Chapter Four gives the population distribution statistical tables on age and sex by single and five year age groups at National, Regional and Districts or Councils levels. iv Table 1.1: Summary Results by Age and Sex, Tanzania 2012 Census Population Group Tanzania Number Tanzania Mainland Percentage Number Tanzania Zanzibar Percentage Number Percentage Total Population 44,928,923 100.0 43,625,354 100.0 1,303,569 100.0 Male 21,869,990 48.7 21,239,313 48.7 630,677 48.4 Female 23,058,933 51.3 22,386,041 51.3 672,892 51.6 1,499,389 3.3 1,457,151 3.3 42,238 3.2 Male 747,826 3.4 726,536 3.4 21,290 3.4 Female 751,563 3.3 730,615 3.3 20,948 3.1 Children (0–4 years) 7,273,832 16.2 7,069,895 16.2 203,937 15.6 Male 3,637,982 16.6 3,535,673 16.6 102,309 16.2 Female 3,635,850 15.8 3,534,222 15.8 101,628 15.1 19,725,456 43.9 19,171,107 43.9 554,349 42.5 Male 9,864,400 45.1 9,586,897 45.1 277,503 44.0 Female 9,861,056 42.8 9,584,210 42.8 276,846 41.1 Young Population (0–17 years) 22,504,526 50.1 21,866,258 50.1 638,268 49.0 Male 11,240,635 51.4 10,922,412 51.4 318,223 50.5 Female 11,263,891 48.8 10,943,846 48.9 320,045 47.6 Youth Population (15–24 years) 8,562,875 19.1 8,297,772 19.0 265,103 20.3 Male 4,032,029 18.4 3,909,204 18.4 122,825 19.5 Female 4,530,846 19.6 4,388,568 19.6 142,278 21.1 15,587,621 34.7 15,115,987 34.6 471,634 36.2 Male 7,314,116 33.4 7,096,862 33.4 217,254 34.4 Female 8,273,505 35.9 8,019,125 35.8 254,380 37.8 Primary school (7–13 years) 8,584,317 19.1 8,341,701 19.1 242,616 18.6 Male 4,287,908 19.6 4,166,593 19.6 121,315 19.2 Female 4,296,409 18.6 4,175,108 18.7 121,301 18.0 Children (Under 1 year) Young Population (0–14 years) Youth Population (15–35 years) School-Age Population v Population Group Tanzania Number Tanzania Mainland Percentage Number Tanzania Zanzibar Percentage Number Percentage Secondary School (14–17 years) 3,813,299 8.5 3,699,137 8.5 114,162 8.8 Male 1,888,584 8.6 1,833,040 8.6 55,544 8.8 Female 1,924,715 8.3 1,866,097 8.3 58,618 8.7 Working Age Population (15–64 years) 23,466,616 52.2 22,754,122 52.2 712,494 54.7 Male 11,185,603 51.1 10,850,907 51.1 334,696 53.1 Female 12,281,013 53.3 11,903,215 53.2 377,798 56.1 Women of Reproductive Age (15–49 years) 10,905,117 47.3 10,566,110 47.2 339,007 50.4 Elderly Population (60+ years) 2,507,568 5.6 2,449,257 5.6 58,311 4.5 Male 1,200,210 5.5 1,170,323 5.5 29,887 4.7 Female 1,307,358 5.7 1,278,934 5.7 28,424 4.2 Elderly Population (65+ years) 1,736,851 3.9 1,700,125 3.9 36,726 2.8 Male 819,987 3.7 801,509 3.8 18,478 2.9 Female 916,864 4.0 898,616 4.0 18,248 2.7 Age-Dependency Ratio 92 92 83 vi Table 1.2: Summary of Key Findings by Region, Tanzania 2012 Census Population Population 0-4 Years (% of total) Population 0-14 Years (% of total) Population 0-17 Years (% of total) Population 15 – 64 Years (% of total) Population 65+ years (% of total) Age Dependency Ratio Women of Reproductive Age (% of total female population) Population living in Urban Areas (% of total) Tanzania 44,928,923 16.2 43.9 50.1 52.2 3.9 91.5 47.3 29.6 Tanzania Mainland 43,625,354 16.2 43.9 50.1 52.2 3.9 91.7 47.2 29.1 Dodoma 2,083,588 16.0 45.5 51.3 49.6 4.9 101.5 44.1 15.4 Arusha 1,694,310 14.8 41.7 48.4 55.1 3.2 81.5 51.0 33.0 Kilimanjaro 1,640,087 11.7 37.8 44.9 55.1 7.0 81.4 46.4 24.2 Tanga 2,045,205 14.9 43.3 49.3 51.8 4.8 93.0 46.9 21.6 Morogoro 2,218,492 14.6 41.3 47.2 54.4 4.3 83.8 48.0 28.7 Pwani 1,098,668 14.0 39.9 45.6 53.9 6.2 85.6 47.5 32.8 Dar es Salaam 4,364,541 12.1 31.6 37.8 66.3 2.1 50.8 61.9 100.0 864,652 13.0 39.3 44.5 54.4 6.3 84.0 47.9 18.7 Mtwara 1,270,854 13.3 38.5 43.7 54.8 6.7 82.4 47.2 22.9 Ruvuma 1,376,891 14.9 43.0 48.9 53.0 4.0 88.7 46.8 24.6 941,238 13.7 42.0 48.4 53.6 4.4 86.5 47.1 27.2 Mbeya 2,707,410 15.6 43.0 49.5 53.0 4.0 88.8 48.5 33.2 Singida 1,370,637 17.4 47.0 52.8 48.3 4.7 107.0 43.5 12.5 Tabora 2,291,623 18.6 48.4 54.6 48.1 3.5 107.9 44.0 12.5 Rukwa 1,004,539 19.7 50.5 56.4 47.0 2.6 112.9 43.2 23.6 Kigoma 2,127,930 19.3 48.8 55.1 47.5 3.7 110.4 43.1 17.2 Shinyanga 1,534,808 18.4 47.6 54.0 49.1 3.3 103.8 44.9 16.6 Kagera 2,458,023 18.3 47.7 54.0 48.8 3.5 105.0 43.6 9.2 Mwanza 2,772,509 18.0 46.7 53.1 50.3 3.0 98.9 46.3 33.3 Mara 1,743,830 19.0 49.6 55.6 46.9 3.5 113.2 42.9 17.4 Manyara 1,425,131 17.6 47.1 53.2 49.1 3.8 103.6 44.0 13.8 Njombe 702,097 13.3 41.9 48.3 53.5 4.6 87.0 47.2 23.6 Katavi 564,604 19.8 49.5 55.5 47.9 2.6 108.7 43.6 27.8 Simiyu 1,584,157 19.9 51.3 57.8 45.5 3.2 119.7 42.3 7.0 Geita 1,739,530 19.6 50.5 57.0 47.0 2.5 112.9 43.7 16.0 Tanzania Zanzibar 1,303,569 15.6 42.5 49.0 54.7 2.8 83.0 50.4 46.3 Kaskazini Unguja 187,455 16.0 42.1 48.3 54.4 3.5 83.8 49.3 8.9 Kusini Unguja 115,588 14.3 38.6 44.4 57.8 3.7 73.2 52.0 6.1 Mjini Magharibi 593,678 14.6 39.8 46.1 58.0 2.1 72.3 54.0 84.5 Kaskazini Pemba 211,732 17.6 47.8 54.7 49.1 3.1 103.7 45.4 18.6 Kusini Pemba 195,116 17.1 47.8 54.8 48.8 3.3 104.8 44.7 20.1 Region Lindi Iringa vii Contents Page Foreword.....................................................................................................................................ii Organization of the Report .......................................................................................................... iv List of Text Tables ....................................................................................................................... x List of Figures ............................................................................................................................. xi List of Maps ............................................................................................................................... xii List of Statitical Tables .............................................................................................................. xiii List of Abbreviations ................................................................................................................ xxv Concepts and Definitions ......................................................................................................... xxvi Chapter One ............................................................................................................................... 1 An Overview of the 2012 Population and Housing Census ....................................................... 1 1.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 A Brief History of Census Undertaking in Tanzania ....................................................... 1 1.2 Objectives of the 2012 PHC............................................................................................ 2 1.3 Preparations for the 2012 PHC........................................................................................ 3 1.3.1 Legal Framework ........................................................................................................... 3 1.3.2 Census Organization ....................................................................................................... 4 1.3.3 Development of Census Instruments ............................................................................... 5 1.3.4 Cartographic Work ......................................................................................................... 5 1.3.5 Census Publicity and Advocacy Campaign ..................................................................... 6 1.3.6 Pilot Census .................................................................................................................... 8 1.4 Census Enumeration Activities ....................................................................................... 9 1.4.1 Recruitment and Training ............................................................................................... 9 1.4.2 Other Preparations for Enumeration ................................................................................ 9 1.4.3 Enumeration ................................................................................................................. 10 1.4.4 Post Field Enumeration Activities ................................................................................. 11 1.5 Data Processing ............................................................................................................ 12 1.6 Quality Assurance Procedures ...................................................................................... 13 1.6.1 Pre-enumeration Stage .................................................................................................. 14 1.6.2 Enumeration Stage........................................................................................................ 14 1.6.3 Data Processing and Report Writing ............................................................................. 14 1.7 Post Enumeration Survey (PES) ................................................................................... 15 1.8 Challenges .................................................................................................................... 15 viii Chapter Two ............................................................................................................................. 17 Quality of Age and Sex Data .................................................................................................... 17 2.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................. 17 2.1 Evidence of Age and Sex Misreporting ......................................................................... 18 2.1.1 Line Graphs by Age (in Single Years) and Sex ............................................................. 18 2.1.2 Population Pyramids (in Single Years)......................................................................... 20 2.1.3 Indexes of Digit Preference........................................................................................... 21 2.1.4 Diagonal Consistency Checks (Survival Ratios) ........................................................... 23 2.1.5 Vertical Consistency Checks ........................................................................................ 25 2.2 Data Editing and Tabulation Procedures ....................................................................... 26 2.3 Concluding Remarks .................................................................................................... 27 Chapter Three .......................................................................................................................... 29 Population Distribution by Age and Sex: Results Highlights ................................................. 29 3.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................. 29 3.1 Age and Sex Structure .................................................................................................. 29 3.2 Population Distribution by Special Age Groups and Region ......................................... 34 3.2.1 Young Population (0-14 Years) .................................................................................... 34 3.2.2 Regional Variations ...................................................................................................... 35 3.2.3 Youth Population .......................................................................................................... 38 3.2.4 Regional Variations ...................................................................................................... 38 3.3 Working Age Population (15-64 Years) ........................................................................ 44 3.4 Elderly Population ........................................................................................................ 47 3.5 Age-Dependency Ratio ................................................................................................. 53 3.6 Women of Reproductive Age (15-49 Years) ................................................................. 56 3.7 Population Age Distribution by Rural and Urban Areas ................................................ 57 3.8 Concluding Remarks .................................................................................................... 63 Chapter Four ............................................................................................................................ 64 2012 Population and Housing Census’ Statistical Tables ....................................................... 64 Annex ................................................................................................................................. 469 List of Contributors .................................................................................................................. 469 References: ............................................................................................................................... 471 ix List of Text Tables Table 1.1: Summary Results by Age and Sex, Tanzania 2012 Census ....................................... v Table 1.2: Summary of Key Findings by Region, Tanzania 2012 Census ................................vii Table 2.1: Myers Index of Digit Preference, Tanzania 2012 Census ........................................ 22 Table 2.2: Intercensal Cohort and Overall Survival Ratios for 2002 to 2012 Censuses by Sex – Tanzania Mainland, 2012 Census .................................................................. 24 Table 2.3: Intercensal Cohort and Overall Survival Ratios for 2002 to 2012 Censuses by Sex – Tanzania Zanzibar, 2012 Census ................................................................... 24 Table 2.4: Age Ratios, Sex Ratios, and UN Joint Score Indices – Tanzania, 2002 and 2012 Censuses ........................................................................................................ 26 Table 3.1: Population Distribution by Five-Year Age Group and Sex – Tanzania, 2012 Census .................................................................................................................... 30 Table 3.2: Population Distribution by Five-Year Age Groups and Sex – Tanzania Mainland, 2012 Census .......................................................................................... 30 Table 3...
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  • Summer '09
  • FLORIANSEMINI
  • International Economics, ........., Tanzania, Regions of Tanzania, Districts of Tanzania, Single Years

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