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Unformatted text preview: C O NT R A C T S, SP E C IFIC AT IO N S AN D E N G IN E E R IN G R EL AT IO N S BY W ME A D DA N I E L . C o n s u l t i n g E n g in e e r ‘ P r o fess o r o f Hy dr au li c and U n ive r s i t y o M e m b e r Am er i ca n F ello w Sa n it a r y E n g i n ee r in g f Wi s c o n s i n So c ie ty o f Ci vil E n gi n e ers A m e r i ca n I n s t i t u t e o f E l e c t r i ca l E n g i n e e r s M e m b e r A m e r i ca n M e m b er Am e r ica n In s t i t u t e So ci e ty FI R ST f Co n s u l t i n g E n g i n e e r s o f M e ch a n i c a l E n gi n e ers o E DI TI O N . NE W YO R K MC G R A W H IL L 19 16 B OO K C o D A NI E L W . P R E FAC E In t h e f o ll o w in g p a ge s t h e auth o r has d iscuss e d s o m e o f t h e im f h n d a rchit e ct in p ractical li f e rtant r lati ns n g in r w ith t e e ee a e o o o p which it s e e m s e ss e ntial that t h e t e chnical m a n sh o ul d be c o m e f a m iliar be f o r e e nt e rin g p r o f e ssi o nal p ractic e L e g al a n d c o ntractual r e lati o n s a r e but bri e fly d isc u ss e d as th e s e subj e cts a r e f ully tr e at e d in m any val u a b l e w o rks t o w hich it i s int e n d e d that th e s e n o t e s shall s e rv e si m p l y as an intr o d ucti o n T h e p rinci p l e s o f p e rs o nal an d e thical r e lati o ns w hil e d iscuss e d in s o m e what g r e at e r d e tail a r e but ina d e quat e ly tr e at e d T h e p r e p arati o n o f S pe ci fi cati o ns i s o n acc o unt o f t h e lack o f s p ac e d iscuss e d in g r e at e r d e tail as l e ss p ublish e d m att e r is availabl e o n thi s subj e ct T h e y o un g m a n w h o e nt e rs any v o cati o n c o m e s in c o ntact w ith a n d is s o m e ti m e s e m p l o y e d by m e n wh o d isr e g ar d p r o f e ssi o nal a n d busin e ss w hil e p e rha p s in e nti r e c o n f o r m ity e thics a n d d o m any thin g s w h ich w ith l a w a r e f a r f r o m t h e i d e als o f e thical c o n d uct I f a y o un g m an has g iv e n n o th o u ght t o m o ral a n d e thical p rinci p l e s h e is a pt t o assu m e that such p rinci p l e s a re cant an d that u n e thi ca l m e th od s an d a ct i o ns a re c o m m o n t o all th o s e in b u sin e ss an d p r o f e ssi o nal li f e a n d a r e th er e f o r e e ss e ntial t o his p e rs o nal succ e ss He sh o ul d th e r e f o r e b e a d vis e d an d assu r e d o f t h e f acts in t h e cas e : that t h e be st a n d m o st succ e ss f ul m en in e v e ry b u sin e ss a n d p r o f e ssi o n a r e th o s e m en o f hi g h i de als wh o s e h o n e sty an d int e grity a r e unqu e sti o n e d a n d w h o s e charact e r a n d r ep u t a t i o n a r e r e g ar d e d as t h e g r e at e st an d m o st valuabl e o f th e i r p o ss e s si o ns T h e auth o r has uni f o r m ly a d v o cat e d t h e squar e d e al in t h e t e l a t i o n s o f t h e e n g in e e r an d a rchit e ct w ith t h e c o ntract o r a n d w ith all o th e rs w ith w h o m th e y m a y hav e r e lati o ns He be li e v e s that h o n e sty int eg rity an d f ai rn e ss a ff o r d t h e be st p o ssibl e basis f o r p ract ical p r o f e ssio n a l a n d busin e ss li f e a n d a r e n o t si m p ly p rinci p l e s t o b e ac k n o w l e dg e d an d i gn o r e d He b e li e v e s that t h e a pp r e ciati o n o f th e s e p rin c ip l e s w ill l e a d t o t h e hi g h e st ty p e o f w o rk t h e m o st e c o n o m ical c o n st ructi o n an d t h e g r e at e st p r o f e ssi o nal satis f acti o n In t h e stu dy o f s p e ci fi cati o ns littl e a d vanc e can b e m a de by an at t e m p t t o p r ep ar e at o nce an e lab o rat e s p e ci fi cati o n f o r a c o m p licat e d e n g in e e rin g str u ctur e o f w hich t h e st ud e nt kn o w s n o thin g In s u ch a cas e all that can b e e x p e ct e d is t h e c o pyin g w ith p e rha p s s o m e s m all chan ge s of si m ilar s p e ci fi cati o ns p r e p ar e d f o r s o m e p r o p o s e d o r co m pl e t e d w o rk a n d s u ch p ractic e w ill b e o f littl e valu e , . , , . , . . , , . , \ . . , . , . , , . , . , , , , . P re fa c e I n t h e t e achin g o r st u dy o f an y s u bj e ct succ e ss c o m e s th r o u g h t h e ability o f t h e t e ach e r o r stu d e nt t o si m p li f y t h e subj e ct s o that its basic p rinci p l e s m ay b e e asily c o m p r e h e n d e d ; t h e g r e at e st d i ffi culti e s f o ll o w an att e m p t t o attack t h e subj e ct in a t o o c o m p licat e d mann e r Th e p rinci p l e s a n d e l e m e nts o f s pe ci fi cati o n w ritin g sh o ul d b e a c qui r e d th r o ug h t h e actual p r e parati o n o f s pe ci fi cati o ns f o r si m pl e m a All w o rk t e r ia l s o r e l e m e nts a n d f o r si m p l e p r o c e ss e s o r structur e s sh o ul d b e si m p li fi e d as m uch as p o ssibl e ; it m ust b e so d e fi n e d a n d illus t r a t e d that t h e p r o bl em s inv o lv e d w ill b e cl e arly c o m p r e h e n d e d it m ust b e analyz e d in d e tail so that e v e ry phas e a n d it e m shall b e s ee n a n d a pp r e ciat e d I f this can b e succ e ss f ully acc o m p lish e d w ith si m p l e e l e m e nts o f m at e ri al o r c o nstructi o n it can th e n b e a pp li e d t o m o r e c o m p l e x subj e cts w hich a r e si m p ly a c o m binati o n o f such e l e m e nts In t h e p r e parati o n o f s p e ci fi cati o ns th e r e i s n o m o r e i m p o rtant m att e r than t h e u se o f g o o d E n g lish A c o rr e ct th o u g ht i m p r o pe rly e x p r e ss e d is o f t e n as s e ri o u s as th o u g h t h e i d e a its e l f w e r e in e rr o r A cl e ar de scri p ti o n o f si m p l e subj e cts sh o ul d th e r e f o r e b e t h e o bj e ct o f In m any cas e s all t h e s p e ci fi cati o ns e ss e ntial ar e p r e li m inary p ractic e inclu d e d in a l e tt e r a n d m any c o ntracts a r e actual ly c o nsu m m at e d by an o ff e r trans m itt e d by l e tt e r a n d by a l e tt e r o f acc e ptanc e B y p ractic e al o n g t h e lin e s in d icat e d t h e y o un g e n g in e e r w ill at l e ast acqui r e an int e lli g e nt m e th o d o f p r o c e du r e a n d i f t h e m e th o d is un de rst o o d t h e p r o f e ssi o nal a pp licati o n m ay b e sa f e ly l e f t t o in d ivi d ual i n i tiativ e T h e analytical syst e m su gg e st e d f o r t h e p r e p arati o n o f sp e c i fi ca ti o ns has b ee n us e d by t h e auth o r f o r n e arly thirty y e ars a n d is b e li e v e d t o a ff o r d a sa f e a n d l o g ical m e th o d f o r t h e p r e p arati o n o f th e s e p a p e rs Thi s b o o k w a s fi rst issu e d in t h e s p rin g o f 1 9 1 6 f o r t h e auth o r s class an d f o r p rivat e circulati o n O f th o s e t o w h o m c o p i e s w e r e s e nt c o nstructiv e criticis m w as r e qu e st e d A nu m b e r o f valuabl e su gge s ti o ns we r e r e c e iv e d an d t h e b o o k has b e e n r e arran g e d r e vis e d a n d e u l a r ge d in this fi rst e d iti o n Th e auth o r is a w ar e that th e r e a r e still nu m e r o us chan g e s an d a dd iti o ns that can b e m a de t o a d vanta ge an d h o p e s t o m ak e m at e rial b e tt e r m e nts in f u t ur e e d iti o ns He w ill b e g la d t o r e c e iv e f urth e r c o nstructiv e criticis m a n d s u gge sti o ns f r o m e n g i n e e r s archit e cts c o ntract o rs t e ach e rs o r o th e rs int er e s t e d in t h e sub , . . . , , . . . . , . , , , , . . , . ' . , . , , . , . , j e ct . , , P r e fa c e Ack n o wl e dg m e n ts ackn o w l edge his in de bt e d n e ss t o t h e t e ch n i cal p r e ss a nd t o t h e m any valuabl e t e chnical b o o ks a n d a r t icl e s that hav e a pp e ar e d on t h e vari o us subj e cts d iscuss e d T o th e s e h e un d o ubt e d ly T h e s e i d e as hav e h o w o w e s m any o f t h e i d e as e x p r e ss e d in this b o o k e v e r b e e n substantiat e d by a n activ e p e rs o nal c o ntact w ith p r o f e ssi o nal It has b e e n his a im t o cr e d it t h e s o urc e o f in f o r m a a n d busin e ss li f e ti o n w h e n e v e r such s o u rc e c o ul d b e d istin g uish e d f o r h e clai m s littl e n e w o r o ri g inal e xc e p t as t o tr e at m e nt a n d arran g e m e nt Th e thanks o f t h e auth o r a r e e s p e cially d u e t o Mr L R B alch f o r m any su gg e sti o ns f o r a i d in t h e p r e p arati o n an d p r o o f r e a d in g o f t h e t e xt a n d f o r su pe rvisi o n o f its p ublica ti o n E s pe cial ackn o w l e dg m e nt f o r valuabl e a d vic e is als o d u e t o D e an F E T u rn e a u r e a n d C V Sea st o n e N u m e r o us o th e rs hav e m a de valuabl e sugg e sti o ns w hich hav e b ee n utiliz e d s o f a r as p racticabl e ; a m o n g th e s e sh o u l d b e m e nti o n e d Me ssrs Charl e s H P aul E K Sh n a b l e H S R Mc Cu r dy H L G a r n e r F W Sc h e i d e n h e l m a n d P r o f e ss o r C I C o r p Th e auth o r de sir e s t o . . . , . . . . , . , . . . . . . , . . . . , . , . . Ma d is o n Wis S e pt , . , . , 1 91 6 . . . . . , . . D . W M . . CO NTENTS CHAP T ER T HE Th e E N G IN EE A N D I E D UCATI ON HIS R Funct i o n o f t h e Eng i n r— Eng i n e r i ng R l t io ns—Eng i nee r i ng E d uca t i o n T h e T c h n i ca l a n d Sc i nt i fic Pr p arat i o n— K n w l d g f Eng li s h — L ga l R l at i n— Et hi ca l a d P rs o na l R e l at i o n— L i t r atur ee e o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 e 0 0 0 e a e e - e e 0 0 0 e o 0 0 0 0 n 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o e e e 0 0 0 0 e 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 CHAPT ER I I S UCC E SS I N E N G I NEER I N G PRO F E SS I ON TH E P rs o na l Succ ss— Fact rs f S cc s s m ust b e R c o gn iz d —O p i n i o ns o f t h e Eng i n e r i ng Pr f ss i o n —Ju d gm nt — S l f K n o w l ed g e—P e rs o na l B i as —B i as o f S p c i a l K n o w l e d g —B i as o f P rs o na l Exp r i nc B ia f P rs na l I nt r es t—B i s f L ca l Exp r i nc —B i as f A so — — i e P rs o na li ty P rs o na l A p p aranc e—Att nt i o n t B us i n ss ci t o —C nc ntrat i n—C o ll a b o rat i n— Pr f s i o na l I m p r v m ent— L i t ra t r e e o e e u o e o e s o a e e e e e e o e n o u o e e e e e e o e o o e a e e o e s e o o es o e e e CHAPT E R I I I THE E N G IN E ER A T WORK R esu l ts o f T ech n i ca l T ra i n i ng—T h Ma n d th e J o b —T h e F i r t J oh —I m p r ov i ng O p p r tun i t i e s—S l ct i ng E m I fi — — — m T h e R e l ati ve l y nt Sa l ar C h ang e vs C nt i nu i t y f S rv i c o o e y p Va lu s o f Var i o us C l s e s o f E m p l y m nt—Pr i va t e Pract i c e —Dut i e s t o Su b r d i nat s — D u t i s t C li nts—C ns l tat i n— Dut i s t t h e Pr o f e ss i n— T h e Eng i n ee r i n B us i n ss—T h Eng i ne r s a C i t iz n C n d uct f Pr o f e ss i na l Pract i c — L i t ratur e Purp s e s an d o e u e n ce n e as e o e o e e o o o e o o e e . e a o s e o n e o u e o e e o e a e CHAP T ER IV PER S ON AL A ND E THICA L R ELATI ON S L a w— Et hi cs— F o r m at i o n o f I n d i v i d a l Op i n i o ns — Sp ci fi t i n s f a Man—C d s f Et hi cs— T h Can ns f Et hi cs o f t h e A m e r i can I nst i tu t o f Arc hi t cts — C o d o f Pr f s i o na l Et hi cs A m e r i can I nst i tut o f C nsu l t i ng Eng i n e rs— C d f Pr i nc i of th f Pr o f ss i na l C n d uct o f t h Am e r i can I nst i tut e o f E l ctr i ca l pl s Eng i nee rs—C od e f Et hi cs S gg st d f o t h Am r i can I nst i tut o f C h m i ca l Eng i n rs—C d e o f Et h ics A d p ted by t h e Am r i can So i e t y o f C i v il Eng i n rs—Q u st i n s i n Et hi cs— L i t r a tur L i m i tat i o ns e of ca P s i t i ve o o u or o e e e e o c e e o e o e o . e e r e e e e o o ee o e u ee o o e s e o o o o e e e e e o e e Co n t e n t s CHAP T ER V E N GLI S H TH U O f Eng li s h — Eng i n e r i ng Eng li s h —T h I m p o rtanc H r r o R a d e r— K n wl d g o f t h e Su bj ct— L g i ca l Arrang m nt— T h O t — — f d % T o li n St y l h e Ch ic o W r s T h e Pr c i s e U se o f W r d s Punctuat i n d Arrang m ent f W r d s i n a S t e nc e—T h V ca b u l ar y—L i t ratur e SE E Th e e e o e o e e e e e o F e ea e e e e o e an o e o u o en o r e o e CHAP T ER V I L E TT ER S A N D R E P OR T S I m p rtanc f Pro p r ly Wr i tt n L tt e rs—B us i n s s L e tt rs — Sugg st i o ns C nc e rn i ng L tt rs o f A pp li cat i n f E m p l y m nt— I m p rtant S g g t i ns— E m p l o y rs v i wp i n t — Exam p l s f L et t rs f A p p li ca t i n f o P o s i t i ns—T c h n i ca l R p rts— I m p o rtanc o f G o o d R p o rts — T h e Pur p s e o f R p rts— Pr li m i nar y C o ns i d e rat i o n— Et hi ca l C s i d rat i o n I nv st i gat i o n d Est i m at s— E l m nt f S cc ss f u l R — rts L i t rat r e po e o r e e e e o o e o o u o e e e o on e an e e u o e e u CHAP T ER V I I O R I G I N N ATU RE A ND D E E LO P M EN T O F L AW Pr s nt C i v iliz at i n— L w an Ev l ut i n— D ve l p m nt f igi of th C m m o n La w s— Mun i c i p a l L w— Un wr i tt n L w—D v l o p m nt f C o m m o n L w by J d i c i a l D c i i ns— C ur t s f C m m o n L a w— S b f t h e C m m n L w— C rts o f E qu i t y — Fun d a m nta l d i v i s i ns La w s— D v l p m nt f S p c i a l La w s — Out li n f La w s d L ga l R l at i o ns— G n e ra l C l ass i ficat i n o f L w—D fi i t i s f l w S o rc e s o f M n i c i p a l L w— D fi i t i C nc e rn i ng Mun i c i p a l L w ti C l ssi fi d R e l at i n f P s i t i v e L w— En f rc m nt f L a w L i t ratur V , Or e e e e - or o e o e e o e o o e e e o es e e e o o e e n e o a o o o e e o e o o a o o o e e u a o o e o e e ca e on o an o o u e e e e o o e a e ou a o u a o s o e u a e a n on s an o e n on e o a o a a o o e e o e CHAP T ER V I I I S OM E L E GA R ELATI ON S O T E CH N ICA L M N— L E G AL RI G HT S A ND R E SPON S I IL ITI E S E m p l ym nt i n G e n ra l— D i sc h arg — Pr o f ss i na l E m p l y m nt— T h Eng i n r as an Ag nt— T h Eng i n r as Ar bi t r—O wn rs hi p f P l ans D s i gns d I nv nt i ns— T h Eng i n r i n L e ga l Pr c d i ngs — N c ss it y o f Exp rt S rv i c C o nsu l tat i n— Pr p ara t i n f t h C s Exa m i nat i n o f T c h n i ca l W i tn ss s— T h Exp rt W i tn ss — — i fi l i o Ex rt Ev i nc D s i ra bl R ef o r m o f Pr c d ur t s d Q p A p p ra i sa l o f Pu bli c Ut ili t i s— Pr o f ss i na l D ut y— L i t rat r L e o e a e e e ua e an e e e ee o e o e o e o e e e u e e e CHAP T ER I X N O T E S O N AG R E M EN T S A ND C ON T R AC UA L R EL ATI ON S fi i t i o s— Exp r ss Ex cut r y C o ntrac t —R q u i r m nts o f a Va li d C o tract— Pa r t i s w i t h Cap ac i t y t C ntract—O tt r a d Accep tanc E De e e e o o o e e e ee e- e e o e e e e n o ee o e o ca e e e e , B e ee e E F n n e e e T o e o o e e e n e n Co n t e n t s ix C ns i d rat i o n— L ga li t y o f O bj e ct— R a li t y f C n s nt— Sta t ut Frau d s— T h e I nte rp r tat i o n o f C ntract—T h D i sc h arg o f C o tract—L i t rat r e e o e e e e o of e e e n u CHAP T ER D AY L B e o o X A OR A ND C ON T RACT S Y S T E M S B OF C ON S TR UCTI ON us i n ss M e t h o d s— Unc rta i nt i s i n t h C st f W r k— F o rc Acc unt C o nstruct i n—C ntr ac ts at a F ix d Pr i c —Exc ss i v Wast i n C m — — i i B d t v i i ng C ntra ts C st P l us a P rc ntag C ntracts t d c f e o p f C st P l us a F ix d S m —C ntracts f o C o st P l us a Var i abl Pr m i u m — L i t ratur e e e o e e or o e e o e o e or o e e e e e o u e o o o e e o o e r e CHAP T ER X I E N G I NEER I N G A ND AR CHIT E CTU R A L W OR K S C ON S TR UC E D U N D ER C ON T R ACT T Pu bli c d Pr i vat W r k s —N g o t i at i o ns f r C o nstruct i o n C o ntracts D i s h n st y i n C m p t i t i v L tt i ng—R str i ct e d L t t i ngs S cur i ng L w B i d s— Sugg t i ns o f A m r i can S i t y f Eng i n e r i ng C tract rs— Fu rt h r S gg st i ns— R i g h ts f t h C ntract o r— T h Ar — — D f i s ut s Pr gr ss Ar bi trat i n L i t rat ur f e o b i t at i o p an o e o e e o o e es r e e oc e e e u o o on e e o e o o e e o e o e - on e o e e o CHAP T ER X I I ER TI S I N G A ND L E TTI N G C ON TR ACT Pur p s o f A d ve rt i s m nt—Natur f A d v rt i s m nt — Ana ly i s f Ad v r t i e m e t —F r m a li t i e s —Ti m A ll we d —F r m f Pr p o sa l —I B i d d rs— D t a il s f I ns truct i o ns— R c i v i ng d Op n t tio t i ng B i d s— Le tt i ng t h wor k—L i t ratur AD V o e e e n s s ru c ns e e o o e e e e o e o e o e e n o o e o o s e an e e CHAP T ER X I I I C ON T R ACT S Ord i nar y B u s i n ss T ransact i ns— N c ss i t y o f Wr i tt n Agre m nts— A C ntract m a d e by Le tte r— C ntract Acc p ta nc by L tt r—A F o r m a l C tract—Wr i tt n Execut o r y C o ntracts —F r m —G n ra l C l au s f o Agr m nt e e o o e e o on e e e ee e e e o e e e se r e CHAP T ER X I V G Out li n —Out li n e ENER A L C ON D ITI ON S TH E OE C ON T RA CT n ra l C o n d i t i ons— D fi i t i — R i g h ts d Re — — i o i b l i i t O n r Aut h r i y Eng i n r Pr i c es d Pa y f w f h t o t p m e nts— F o r m f B n d — R s p ns ibili t y o f C ntract o r as Aff e ct i ng Part y f t h e F i rst Part—C o n d uct f t h W o r k— P li ce d San i tar y R gu l at i ns— L i t ratur e ns s of Ge es e e e o o e o o e e e on s o an ee e o an o o o n e o an x Co n t e n t s CHAP T ER XV P RE P A RA TI ON o S P E C IFIC A TI ON S I m p o rtanc e—U o f Eng li s h—C l arn ess— B r ev i t y—I d efi i t Sp c i fi t i ns—I n d t r m i nate Sp i fi t i o — A m bi gu o us Sp ci fi t i o —Ar — — i fi i fi Un f a i r S t s Unn c ssar y S ve r i t y b it i c ti p c y Sp Cr i t i c i m L i t ratur Sp ifi f ti r ec e e o ec ra r ec - ca e e s or n ns on s a on s ca n e se e , e on ca ca e e ca ns e e e CHAP T ER XV I T E CH N IC AL S P E CIFICATI ON S d e d —O t B r a d t h o f K n o wl d g e N e c e ssar y— D e ta il d I n f r m at i o n N —S i m p l Sp e i fi t i o —D li n — U f P bli s h d Sp i fi at i ta il d Sp e i fi c t i —M d i fi t i o s f R qu i r m ent s— U se f Stan d f S p e c i ficat i ns M t r i al s d Mat e r i a l s a d M t h d s — I fl M e t h o d s— R e s p ns ibili t y— D fi i t R qu i r m nts— Stan d ar d d — L i t ratur Sp e i fi c t i o e e e e se u o c e ec e ons a n ar o e n ca c ns a e e e o o an e n ca c o e e a e on o e e ns e u e n ce o n o on s c u ee o e e C H AP T E R X V I I S P ECIFIC A TI ON S O F U N D A M EN TA L MAT ER IA S AND S U PP L E S Fun d a m e nta l E l m n t s f Sp i fi c t i —Pra ct i ca l L i m i tat i ons o f S p c i — T t h Sat i s f ct i n f t h Eng i n r — Sp i fi t i o by fic ti Nam e On ly — Unsat i s f act o r y De ta il d Sp ec i fi at i — B as i s o f C o r r ect Sp e i fi t i o —C m p o s i t i n o Pr p o rt i ns d Man i p l at i o n W o r k m an hi p —I ns p ct i o n— T ts— G arant s— Succ ss f l U o C m p ar i s o n w i t h a Stan d ar d — I nv st i gat i o n f Mat e r i a l s—C o nc l u s i o n f Dr Du d l y—Exa m p l o f I nve st i gat i o n— Out li n o f Sp i fi cat i ns f A lu m i n m W i r —Sp c i fi t i o s f A l u m i nu m W i r e—AS Fun d am e nta l Mat r i a l d Sup p li s s i gn m e t o L F R e e “ on s a ec o e o a a e on s o e o ca r ns o o r e s o on s o an o e . or o n e e e e n ca e n se u o e u ns ca u ee e s ec . c u es o ” ee e . c I ec or e an CHAP T ER X V I I I S P E CIFICATI ON S F U N D A M EN TA L P RO C E S S E S F n d a m nta l Pr oc ss e s— Eart h wo r k n d R o c kwo r k— Ana ly t i ca l D i v i s i o n — G n ra l D scr i p t i n— ( A ) f E rt h d R o c k W r k Sp ci fi c t i D escr i p t i o n a d ( B ) L ca t i o n— ( C ) D i m e ns i ns ( D ) F r m a d — G E ra d e F D i v i s i ns Mat e r i a l s—( A ) G n e ra l C h aract r o ( ) ( ) — — B l i fi i C a li t i s Mat r i a l t o n C e o f ( ) ( ) Q ( D ) Q ant i t i s a d d E t i m at s— ( F ) S h r i n k ag — ( G ) Extra Ex ( E ) M as r e m nts c v t i o — ( H ) Extra Mat e r i a l a d B o rr w P i ts — O p e rat i ns ( A ) t ( E ) I nc l us i v e B e g i nn i ng W r k Etc — ( F ) C o ns o li d at i o n R o lli ng T a m p i ng E t a d ( I ) L i m i t i ng d Pr o t ct i ng W o r k (H) O b str...
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  • Summer '17
  • Engr. Beltran

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