exam 3.docx - 1 Virtue ethics is agent-centered not...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages.

1. Virtue ethics is agent-centered, not act-centered. It first explains good character and then explains right action in terms of good character. According to Virtue ethics, an action is right if and only if it is what a virtuous person would characteristically do in the circumstances. The conflict problem for virtue ethics states that different virtues seem to have conflicting requirements. A moral theory is action-guiding only if it never gives conflicting answers about what to do in a given case. Different virtues have conflicting requirements. So, virtue ethics sometimes gives conflicting answers about what to do in a given case. So, virtue ethics is not action-guiding. For example, in the case of dinner dilemma, according to virtue of honesty, you need to tell Granny that you don’t like her dish. While on the other hand, the virtue of kindness requires you to tell Granny that you do like her dish. In Hursthouse’s first reply to this problem, she questioned the premise 2 that different virtues have conflicting requirements. She said in at least many cases, the conflict between virtues is only superficial. Honesty may sometimes require being unkind, but not in the Dinner dilemma. It can be difficult to resolve apparent conflicts between the virtues because there isn’t a formula that specifies the right action in every case. You can still tell the truth by not hurting Granny’s feelings. I think it is easy

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture