Exam 2.docx - 1 The basic argument for Singer in donating...

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1. The basic argument for Singer in donating to aid agencies states as follows. Suffering and death from lack of food, shelter and medical care are bad. If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought to do it. By donating to aid agencies, many Americans can prevent suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care without sacrificing anything nearly as important. So, many Americans ought to donate to aid agencies. It is thrilled that how many people nowadays in third countries are still suffering from lack of resources. All we need to do to relieve their suffering is just donating part of our money that is being used on unnecessities to aid agencies. That part of money has no moral significance compared to saving those lives suffering from lack of resources. If the argument relies on the moderate version of the Singer Principle, one of the premises would change to if it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without sacrificing anything of moral importance, we ought morally to do it. It sets a wider range for things that are morally important to us; in this case, we do not have obligation to do it if we have to sacrifice things at any level of moral importance. The proximity objection towards the Singer Principle states that the Singer principle does not distinguish between the needs of people nearby and those far away. We have a greater obligation to help people in our own communities than we have to those far away. For example, we have more obligations to save the child in the shallow pond if she is the daughter of our neighbor than if she is someone far away in India. Singer addresses this objection by replying that moral principles are impartial. Distances between people are not themselves morally relevant. We can effectively provide aid to

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