2Private Security Laws IntroLaws that govern legal authorities, reciprocities, and licensing requirements for private security firms as well as public Police Officers vary nationwide, and state to state. The private and public sector have many similarities, yet many differences in how they are useful and also implemented. Within this paper, I will be describing the different laws and licensing requirements for private security companies, as well as state-level limitations and allowances. I will also compare the differences in the law as it pertains directly to Law enforcement personnel and Security personnel. Lastly, I will assess how the Patriot Act has affected security operations in my home state of Virginia and bordering Washington, DC.Virginia Private Security RequirementsIn the state of Virginia, any company or Security Officer whether armed or unarmedlooking to maintain the status as a security company or Officer must obtain and maintain theircredentials with DCJS (Department of Criminal Justice Services). DCJS is the governing bodyfor state-level Security services and consulting. To qualify to be considered a Security Officer ofthe law, or to operate as a licensed security firm Individuals and businesses must first meet thestate legal initial requirements. To serve as an Officer, you must first meet the requirements ofbeing 18 years old, and complete all required training totaling 53 hours of entry-level training,arrest authority training, Officer handgun training, and qualification, as well as entry-levelshotgun training. Successful completion of each benchmark is required to be considered as anArmed Officer. However, the most critical component and determining the factor of the law isthat individuals must submit a criminal history processing report along with their fingerprints.