ANTH 318 1-23

ANTH 318 1-23 - ANTH 318 1-23-08 Steering - you can steer a...

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ANTH 318 1-23-08 Steering - you can steer a bit with the sails, but you mostly steer with the rudder - the rudder is attached to the sternpost with gudgeons and pintles, which give you a pivot point - you can control the rudder either with a tiller or a whipstaff - the tiller goes to the rudder, and the whipstaff controls the tiller Pump - put at the low part of the ship to pump out water - important because almost no ship is completely watertight Capstan and Windlass - windlass= capstan on its side - put a bunch of sticks around it for leverage, a bunch of people hold onto the sticks and walk around in a circle to wind whatever it is you’re trying to wind - the pawl keeps it from sliding back - used to pick up the anchor, get heavy things out of the hold, etc Early Boats - type of boat you use is determined by the environment you live in - in north America, there are skin boats, rafts, dugouts, birch bark canoes, etc - you don’t get ships in north America until the Europeans show up
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ANTH 318 1-23 - ANTH 318 1-23-08 Steering - you can steer a...

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