governmentreview - Grand Jury- Function: Determine whether...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Grand Jury- Function: Determine whether or not sufficient evidence is shown in order to hold a trial in a criminal case- Number of Jurors: 12- True bill (an indictment) issued when grand jury finds sufficient evidence Petit Jury- Function: To determine whether the person on trial is guilty or innocent with the evidence that they are supplied- Number of Jurors: 12 Disqualifications for Jury Duty- Served on a jury within the last 6 months for 6 days or more (County Court of Appeals 13 days)- Not a US citizen- Cannot read/write the English language- Convicted of a felony- Convicted of theft-misdemeanor or felony- Must be of sound mind Exemptions for Jury Duty- Over 70 years of age- Caretaker of a child under the age of 10 & serving on the jury would leave the child unattended - Student enrolled and attending school- Member of armed forces and on active duty- Caretaker of an invalid Venire - The number of people from which the jury will be derived Voir Dire Process- The defense and prosecuting sides ask questions to the main venire to see who will be the most impartial, unbiased jurors- The sides basically pick who they think will benefit them most and will vote in their favor The death penalty does not serve as a deterrent or a threat to criminals Ruiz vs. Estelle- Ruiz Inmate Estelle Prison Warden- Ruiz argued the 8 th amendment that says no cruel and unusual punishment because the prison lacked enough bunks/room for him- The courts decided that it was indeed cruel and unusual punishment- Implemented the rule that a prison cannot allow any more criminals in if at 95% occupancy o This caused a backup in prisons DNA Testing for Convicts- If a criminal can petition the court and say DNA could indeed prove innocence then the state will pay for testing 70% of minorities do not show up for jury duty 25% of minorities do not even receive their summons for jury duty Minorities do not serve because:- Most cannot read/write the English language- Some are caused economic hardship if they miss work because they are paid by the hour Racial Profiling- African Americans and Hispanics are twice more likely to be pulled over and searched- Now anytime a car is searched by an officer the officer must note what race the driver is Poverty Threshold- Determines if people are entitled to health and human services- Set by government by the basic income needed to meet the basic needs of life...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course POLS 207 taught by Professor Peterson during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

Page1 / 6

governmentreview - Grand Jury- Function: Determine whether...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online