Timeline1842 - Beginning of Century of Humiliation. Opium War 1895 - First Sino-Japanese War - China loses, signaling that it is available for concessions. Japan takes control of Taiwan1900 - Boxer Rebellion - Chinese kill Western missionaries, Britain takes over Hong Kong and puts downthe insurrection brutally1905 - The elimination of the imperial examination system. This knocks out one of the legs of the Qing Dynasty1911 - The 1911 Revolution inaugurates the Beiyang Republic. Not a revolution because the state was notdestroyed, it crumbled on its own, and many of the news leaders (Yuan Shikai) defected from the old regime. Tibet begins to function as an independent nation. Starts in Wuhan province1913 - Simla Conference - Britain, China, and Tibet. Doesn't come to a satisfactory conclusions, but it reaffirms the Anglo-Tibetan friendship. 1916 - Yuan Shikai's one year reign as emperor ends1919 - May 4th Movement - Radicalizes politics in China. Sparked by China's inability to get back Shandong from Japan in the Treaty of Versailles. Introduces new schools of thought to the mainstream (communism)1920 - China is described as a pile of loose sand. This speaks to its inchoate nature. 1922 - Chiang Kai Shek studies Leninist parties at Sun Yatsen's behest1924 - KMT becomes a Leninist Party1925 - Sun Yatsen dies, CKS takes over. 1927 - White Terror1933 - Japan invades Manchuria and takes it, begins an informal war. Chiang follows a policy of concession (land-for-time). Meanwhile, the communists are resisting1934 - Long March1937 - Second Sino Japanese War formally begins. CCP solidifies, gets followers, does a good job resisting. 1943 - Cairo Conference - Taiwan given back to China1945 - CCP has been successful in getting more followers and building an image of stoic resistance. USSR invades Manchuria, CCP sweeps in and arms itself with abandoned Japanese weapons. 1945-49 - Protracted fighting
1949 - PRC formed. Tibet reclaimed through military force. ROC flees to Taiwan and imposes martial law. 1950 - Korean War begins, China helps resist America and UN, establishes itself as a power and gains legitimacy. 1952 - Three Antis/five Antis campaign - 3 antis - waste corruption and bureaucracy in gov't. Five antis directed at the capitalist class - bribery, theft of state property, tax evasion, cheating on gov't contracts, and stealing state economic info.
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Government, Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Kuomintang, Chiang Kai Shek, child policy