Political Science#2

Political Science#2 - Political Science#2 Sunday-6 pm in...

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Political Science #2 14/02/2008 12:13:00 Sunday-6 pm in HECC 200 Monday-7 pm in SCTS 214 Wednesday-9 in HECC 100 [email protected]     Found Fathers How did the FFs conceive of the presidency? Fearful of a strong executive o Under leadership of King George and did not want anyone who might  excerpt power and abuse the people Knew president would have to be strong sometimes o On one hand they didn’t want a strong executive and on the other hand  the articles of confederation failed because there was no executive  power.  o Swift and decisive action in times of crisis(foreign relations) To win approval of the president and constitution FF gave ambiguous power  to president.  o Citizens afraid of centralized leadership Made congress the centerpiece of government President job= “faithfully execute” the laws congress passed o What does that mean? Gave president ability to respond quickly during crisis events through  commander-in-chief clause.  Examples powers of President Examples of constitutionally expressed powers?
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Examples of constitutional limitation on the presidents power? Checks and  balances? Constitutionally Enumerated Powers Commander-in-Chief o Can commit military forces to protect U.S. Veto power Issues executive pardons Makes Treaties  “Take Care” laws are faithfully executed o oversees the bureaucracy  Nominate justices to SC Nominate Cabinet Members State of the Union Address o Presidents ability to set the agenda and put public pressure on  congress to start implicating that agenda.  Constitutionally Limited Powers Separate institutions sharing powers President proposes laws o Congress passes them o Bureaucracy implements them o SC interprets them  Nominate justices to the SC or cabinet o Senate must confirm w 2/3s vote
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Veto Laws o Congress can override veto w/ 2/3s vote H&S Commander-in-chief o Congress declares war Make Treaties o Requires 2/3s vote of the Senate Decentralization o Federalism 19 th  Century Presidents Ceremonial head of state Avoided public addresses Avoided interactions with foreign nations o Didn’t go on diplomatic voyages/ no negotiation Exception to the rule was Andrew Johnson after Abraham Lincoln was  assassinated o He spoke to the masses and later wound up being impeached 20 th  Century Presidents Why has presidential power grown?
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