Chapter 1.docx - Chapter 1-5 outline 1 Chapter 1 The New...

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Chapter 1-5 outline 1. Chapter 1. The New Beginnings a. Intro Pangaea started to break apart 225 million years ago -The Canadian Shield was shaped creating the North America we know today. This was 10 million years ago. - The great Ice Age was 2 million years ago - 35,000 years ago – the oceans were glaciers and the sea level dropped. Leaving a narrow strip of land that connected Asia and North America. - Ice melted and raised the sea level and covered up the Bering land. b. Peopling the Americas -People came to the Americas in boats, -About 54 million people were already living in North and South America. c. The Earliest Americans -There were not a lot of people in North America which made it easy for Europeans to colonize. d. Europeans Enter Africa -After the Portuguese invented sailing ships, Europeans were able to sail to Africa in 1450. - The Portuguese set up trading posts along the African beaches trading with slaves and gold. - The Portuguese shipped slaves back to Spain and Portugal where they worked on the sugar plantations. e. Columbus Comes upon a New World - Christopher Columbus stumbled onto the Americas while looking for a new trading route. f. When Worlds Collide - The increase of global commerce is known as the Columbian Exchange -Taino native population decreased from 1 million to 200 people due to diseases brought by the Spanish. -90% of Indians in the Americas died due to diseases following Columbus’s landing. g . The Spanish Conquistadores - the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the Americas between the Spanish and the Portuguese
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- The Spanish invaders came to the Americas “in the service of God” as well as in search for gold and glory -The European economy were transformed due to gold and silver deposits. -The Caribbean Sea served as offshore bases for the staging of the Spanish invasion of the mainland Americas. h. The Conquest of Mexico -Hernan Cortes set sail from Cuba with men and horses. He picked up translators- A Spanish prisoner of Mayan-speaking Indians, and an Indian slave named Malinche. - On June 30, 1520, the Aztecs attacked the Spanish because of their lust for riches. - the Spanish attacked back and took over their capital and the rest of the Aztec empire. - The population of Indians in Mexico went from 20 million to 2 million in less than 100 years. i. The Spread of Spanish America -Natives launched the Pope’s rebellion, burning down churches and killing priests. The built ceremonial religious chambers on the ruins of the Spanish plaza at Santé Fe. 2. Chapter 2. Planting of the English America a. England’s Imperial Stirrings -The English Protestant Reformation was launched when King Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church in the 1530s. b. Elizabeth Energizes England - Victory also fueled England to new heights due to… - Strong government/popular monarch, more religious unity, a sense of nationalism - Golden age of literature (Shakespeare) - Beginning of British dominance at sea (which lasts until U.S. tops them, around 1900) - English attempts at colonization in the New World failed embarrassingly. Notable of
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  • Spring '12
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  • Thirteen Colonies

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