AM ST 430 Research Paper Outline

AM ST 430 Research Paper Outline - I II III Introduction a...

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I. Introduction a. The antebellum period was a unique period for American Jews in the South. Due of the existence of slavery and its racial hierarchy, Jews in the South had more access to social mobility than their peers in the North and their significantly smaller communities contributed to a communal cohesion in the established Jewish centers of Charleston and Savannah. Challenges to Jewish unity and identity can be identified, however, in the struggles that happened within extended families, as seen in an analysis of the Mordecai and Sheftall families, in which assimilation, intermarriage, apostasy, and political issues provoked familial schisms. b. Leonard Dinnerstein, “A Neglected Aspect of Southern Jewish History,” American Jewish Historical; Quarterly, September 1971, Volume 61, Number 1, Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society in Waltham, MA II. Nature of Jews in the South – numbers, etc. a. “Jewish Values in the Southern Milieu,” Abraham D. Lavender i. “The first Jewish settlement of considerable size in the Souht was in Georgia in 1733…dissipated by 1740…and permanency achieved in 1790. Meanwhile, other Southern Jewish communities, particularly the one in Charleston were extablished, but throughout the colonial period the number of Southern Jews remained small, and they were largely of the ‘more relaxed and casual’ Sephardic orientation. In the middle decades of the 1800s increasing numbers of German-Jewish immigrants settled in small communities in the South.” P. 127-128 b. Homelands: Southern Jewish Idnetity in Durham and Chapel Hill, North Carolina i. “After the failed revolution of 1848, with hopes for a more tolerant, democratic Germany crushed, Prussian Jews began emigrating in greater numbers. From 1840 to 1860 America’s Jewish population grew tenfold, from 15,000 to 150,000.” P. 11 ii. “Few and mobile, southern Jews were slow to institutionalize their Judaism. In 1861 there were only 21 congregations in the South… Early American congregations were all Orthodox, but in larger cities they dividied along national lines. Richmond, the first American home of most early Durham Jews, offered a paradigm: The Sephardic-rite Beth Shalome was founding in 1789 followed by the Bavarians’ Beth Ahabah in 1841, the Prussians’ Polish-rite Kenesseth Israel in 1856, and the Russians’ Sir Moses Montefiore in 1880. Ethnic lines were not sharply drawn. Beth Shalome’s membership consisted mostly of Germans, who appreciated its socially decorous ritual. Over time Prussians gravitated from Orthodoxy toward Beth Ahabah, which evolved toward Reform.” P. 19 c. c III. Existence of slavery and racial hierarchy
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a. “Jews of the region a level of social acceptance unparalleled in any other Western society of the time” (Goldstein 136). Eric L. Goldstein, “Now is the Time to Show Your True Colors”: Southern Jews, Whiteness, and the Rise of Jim Crow in Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History, Edited by Marcie Cohen Ferris and Mark I. Greenberg b. Korn reading i. Realistic to conclude that any Jew who could afford to own slaves
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