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RUNNING HEAD: KNOWLEDGE1ACQUISITION AND MEMORYDEVELOPMENTKnowledge Acquisition and Memory DevelopmentSharon TurnerPSY 331 Psychology of LearningInstructor: Gerranda Brooks-SmithJune 18, 2018
RUNNING HEAD: KNOWLEDGE2ACQUISITION AND MEMORYDEVELOPMENTMemories can be a rather fascinating thing and can affect our lives in many ways. The question Ipose today is how exactly do memories work? In order to effectively answer this question, we have totake A Deeper look into the different types of memories and how they are stored in our brains. Memoryis the process our brain goes through to retain and recall experiences we have been through andinformation we process. It takes facts and events and stores them kind of like a database for use at alater time.When it comes to types of memory there are three different ones.Those types are asensory, long-term, and short-term memory (Rosser-Majors,2017). What we see and visualize when itcomes to memories or better known as visual memories are moments of recorded information in ourneural system kind of likethose flashbacks we see on television. Our five senses all come into play here as the memories arestimulated through them. Take for example walking past a bakery and the smell of freshly baked breadbrings back the memory of your grandma baking bread when you were younger. The sense of smellwould trigger and stimulate the memory. Sensory memory is often brief but as with other memoriesthey last for varying amounts of time some longer than others depending on how deep-rooted thememory is. Iconic memories link to the visual senses within our mind and last for typically less than asecond at most. Next, we have an echoic memory which is linked to the auditory sensory and typicallylasts for around three or four seconds. Now short-term or working memory, is essentially the recordingof current information we are being exposed to and is being used. In the aspect of time short-termmemory only actually lasts about twenty seconds. While it doesn’t last long it can contain variouschunks of any latter, number, digit, or word of information(Rosser-Majors,2017). Long-term memory iswhat holds the most information. It holds a vast quantity and can be stored within our mind for longerperiods of time. The information held can be from anything and is often wide-ranging and diverse in
RUNNING HEAD: KNOWLEDGE3ACQUISITION AND MEMORYDEVELOPMENTnature. Long-term memories tend to include a vast amount of information and all of our wonderful

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Term
Winter
Professor
ADRAGNA
Tags
Memory processes, Memory Development

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