EXAM 2 REVIEW GOVT 2306 CHAPTER 4 (POLITICAL PARTIES) Terms to know: Political party- An organization influenced by political ideology whose primary interest is to gain control of government by winning elections. Platform- A document that sets forth a political party’s position on issues such as income tax, school vouchers, or public utility regulation. Precinct convention - If a political party decides to conduct a precinct convention, this serves as the lowest level of temporary political party organization. Delegates convene in even-numbered years on a date and at a time and place prescribed by the party's state executive committee to adopt resolutions and to select delegates to a county convention. Temporary party convention - Primaries and conventions that function briefly to nominated candidates, pass resolutions, adopt a party platform, and select delegates to party conventions at higher levels. State convention- Convenes every even numbered year to make rules for a political party, adopt a party platform, and resolutions, and select members of the state executive committee; in a presidential election year, it elects delegates to the national convention, names members to serve on the national committee, and elects potential electors to vote if the party's presidential candidate receives a plurality of the popular vote in the general election Superdelegate- an unpledged party official or elected official who serves as a delegate to a party's national convention. Permanent party organization- In Texas, the precinct chairs, county and district executive committees, and the state executive committee form the permanent organization of a political party -Role is to recruit candidates, devise strategies, raise funds, distribute candidate literature and information, register voters, and turn out voters on election day. Precinct chair- the party official responsible for the interests and activities of a political party in voting district; typical duties include encouraging voter registration, distributing campaign literature, operating phone banks, and getting out the vote on election day. County chair- Elected by country party members in the primaries, this key party official heads the county executive committee. State executive committee- Composed of a chair, vice chair, and two members from each senatorial district, this body is part of party's permanent organization.
Conservative- A person who advocates minimal intervention by government in social and economic matters and who gives high priority to reducing taxed and curbing public spending.
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