Space race gusman.docx - Amin Safi Mrs Gusman AP World...

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Amin Safi Mrs. GusmanAP World History4/9/18Space RaceThe space race was an important time for both the US and USSR as well as the rest of theworld. Shortly after World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union began a global battle,it was democracy against communism. The Space Race began when the United States, as well asthe Soviet Union, believed that taking control of space was important. The Soviets won the firstbattle in April 1961, when Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man to orbit theearth. This caused the U.S to create an efficient cone-shaped capsule and eventually a few yearslater after constant back and forth battles and advancements, on July 16, 1969, U.S astronautNeil Armstrong won the race by becoming the first man to walk on the surface of the moon. Inthe late 1950’s, space would become another area for competition. Both sides fought to provesuperiority in technology through the use of satellites, advancements in military developmentsuch as increasing knowledge in missile building, and politically money was being poured intospace programs, but it also provided new jobs and positions for many people (Lewis).Both of the countries had many technological connections in the Space Race. The SovietUnion had the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Launcher (ICBM) which later on created theidea of the world’s first satellite launcher. Through the use of this launcher, the first artificialsatellite also known as Sputnik was sent into orbit on October 4, 1957. The following monthduring that same year Sputnik two was launched, but this time there was a dog on board. Due tothese satellites that were launched, it was announced that if the Soviet Union could create a
rocket that was able to reach the earth’s orbit then it would also be possible to launch the missilefrom orbit to any American city. Eisenhower immediately started plans for the United States firstsatellite launch. It was planned to be launched in 1958, but it was moved much sooner thanplanned. Due to it being moved to an earlier date it was then launched on December 6, 1957.Project Vanguard became a monumental failure on live television when it exploded on a fewseconds after being launched (Khan). After this failure, the duty was then laid upon the U.S Army rocket team. Which was ledby a German man named Wernher Von Braun. Later, on January 31, 1958, almost two monthsafter the tremendous failure, and roughly four months after the launch of Sputnik 1, Von Braunsuccessfully launched America's first satellite. The satellite was named Explorer 1. Also, a month

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