Notes_ Ch 13.pdf - Chapter 13 Intro Kathy Spiegel kids acting up what going to do about it Keep mouth shut The problem was not their kids it was the

Notes_ Ch 13.pdf - Chapter 13 Intro Kathy Spiegel kids...

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Chapter 13 Intro Kathy Spiegel - kids acting up & what going to do about it? Keep mouth shut The problem was not their kids, it was the school they attended; solution: homeschooling; only 1.5 million kids Education: Transferring Knowledge & Skills Education in Global Perspective Collins: industrialized nations have become Credential Societies: employers use diplomas & degrees as sorting devices to determine who is eligible for a job & depend on school to weed out incapable like showing up to class & turned in assignments etc Education & Industrialization By 1918, US had Mandatory Education Laws: requiring kids to attend school until 8th grade or became 16; dropouts were those who didn’t complete grade school Universal education & industrialization happened at same time - they recognized need for educated workforce; looked at public education as a way to americanize immigrants Expansion of Education: Graduation from high school became more common but college out of reach for many Community Colleges: accessible to the average high school graduate or prepara job market? 36% of all undergraduates are in them; many are over 25, working class, jobs & kids and attend part-time Challenges: adequate funding, adjust to changing job markets, campus security, maintain quality instruction, offer financial aid, flex schedules, remedial/online courses, on-campus day care, etc Twice as common as completing high school used to be; two of every three (68%) enter college Education in Most Industrialized Nations: Japan Japan outscores US students but they take education more seriously than most; cram or juku schools operate after regular school day; 1 in 5 first graders are enrolled All grade school kids study same page; vast uniformity - reflects solidarity as a group & teachers required to visit each student’s home once a year Central sociological principle of education is that it reflects its culture; promoted as a group instead of individual; college admission is highly competitive - must take a national test; birth rate is low & easier for students to get into college US: kids from Japan score higher on college admission tests & more likely to go to elite colleges; richer has more advantages Cultural Capital: privileges accompanying a social location that helps someone in life including more highly educated parents, pressure for high grades & cultural experiences that translate into higher test scores, better jobs & higher earnings
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Education in Industrializing Nations: Russia Before Revolution of 1917, czar had been expanding education beyond elite & soviet communist party continued it New government saw education as a way to undergird new political system & made certain that social values dominated its schools; capitalism: evil & communism: salvation; display Lenin & Putin. Under Soviets, education was free; to prevent critical thinking, few social sciences were offered; repeat lectures on oral exams & memorized Change to capitalism: new ideas about profit, private property & personal freedom;
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