Prevalence of HIV cases might be attributed to increased complacency due to moreadvanced drug treatment optionsHIV is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). HIV destroys cells hence the body can’t fight off infections and disease; these special cells help the immune system fight off infections (CDC, 2018). HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body if left untreated; therefore, damage to the immune system makes it harder and harder for the body to fight off infections and some other diseases (CDC, 2018). As a result, opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of the weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS (CDC, 2018). In 2016, there was a total of 39,782 new cases of HIV diagnosed in the United States (CDC, 2018). This astounding number contributes to the approximate 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States; and within this population, 1 in 7 individuals do not know they had the disease (CDC, 2018). Recent surveys found that the percentage of Americans who rank HIV as a major health problem is much lower than it was a decade ago (CDC, 2016). Studies have also found the populations with the highest rates of infection includes gay, bisexual men, and African Americans, many of these populations do not recognize their risks or may believe HIV is no longer a serious health threat (CDC, 2016). I do think the prevalence of HIV is attributed to more advanced drug treatment options and lack of understanding within the high-risk groups. HIV drug therapy success has help declinethe number of new HIV cases, and many HIV patients are living healthier lives, but it does not mean people do not need to protect themselves from infections. A 2013 New York Times article
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- Summer '15
- Antiretroviral drug, HIV cases, HIV drug therapy