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Hepatitis BHepatisi B is a communicable diseases are spread by contact, droplet, air/foodborne, blood, bodily fluids or congenital infection causing individuals to become ill. Hepatitis B is type of communicable disease which is spread by the HBV virus.These pathogens affect the human body by invading the body and damaging normal cell functions, leading to death. In the U.S alone 850,000 people have chronic hepatitis B but this number may be as high as about 2.2 million, worldwide about 257 million people have acquired hepatitis B (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2017). Ways to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) include education, spreading awareness and getting vaccinated with hepatitis immunoglobulin B, which can provides a lifetime of protection, if the series of shots are completed.Hepatitis B is caused by the virus hepatitis B virus (HBV). This virus takes course by attacking the liver and causing inflammation, it can lead to both acute or chronic liver disease. There are differences between the acute and chronic phase, in the acute HBV the virus lasts less than six months and once an individual develops immunity, it can be fought off and cleared. Chronic HBV has a longer durations lasting more than six months, but the immune system is not able to fight off the infection, ultimately leading to failure of the liver, cancer, or cirrhosis and even death. Sometimes, chronic HBV is not detected for many years. In the year 2016, there were about 3,218 cases of acute HBV, because many people do not know they are affected and do not have any symptoms, in this case the disease is never dingoes and goes unreported.The Hepatitis virus is spread through parenteral routes such as when semen, blood, or saliva of a infected person come into contact with a person who is not infected. There are many ways tospread this virus such as in birth. It is spread from a mother who is infected to her baby during 1
Hepatitis Bbirth. Other ways to spread the infection include sexual contact with someone who is infected, bysharing needles, syringes, or drug preparation equipment. If you share a tooth brush with a infected person, you are at risk for acquiring the disease. Razors sharing should also be so, because HBV can be passed on with sharing of razors. If you are a diabetic you must be care became sharing a glucose monitor with a person who is infected or coming into direct contact with blood or anything open such as blisters or sores, , exposure to blood from needle-sticks or other sharp instruments of an infected person. People often mistaken on how HBV is spread, thisvirus not spread by food or water. If you drink the same water from a infected person, you are notlikely to acquire the disease. If yo share forks or spoon with a infected person you will not acquire the disease. Other misconceptions include , breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, hand holding, coughing, and sneezing.