CHAPTER 9 - CHAPTER 9 THINKING SOLVING PROBLEMS algorithms...

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CHAPTER 9 05/03/2008 17:26:00 THINKING: SOLVING PROBLEMS algorithms o step by step procedures that guarantee a solution; contrasts with the  usually speedier but also more error prone heuristics o can be laborious and exasperating heuristic o simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and  solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone  than algorithms fixation (cognitive set) o inability to see a problem from a fresh perspective; true impediment to  problem solving (once we incorrectly represent a problem, it’s hard to  restructure how we approach it functional fixedness o our tendency to think of only the familiar functions for objects without  imagining alternative uses; PERCEIVING AND RELATING FAMILIAR  THINGS IN NEW WAYS IS PART OF CREATIVITY USING AND MISUSING HEURISTICS representativeness heuristic o
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CHAPTER 9 - CHAPTER 9 THINKING SOLVING PROBLEMS algorithms...

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