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Unformatted text preview: History of the United States: Chapter 1 Notes • There might have been 80-100 million people in all of the Americas at the first contact. • North America- 4-10 million Indians living, working the land, trading with one another, and also fighting between the different groups. • There were at least 800 different languages among the groups. • The different cultures each had different ways of life. They didn’t always have a lot in common. • The ancestors arrived 1000’s of years before Columbus by the land bridge Bering Strait Berengia. • Somewhere between 11,000 and 30,000 years ago the land bridge was formed. • This land bridge allowed people to migrate from Asia to the Americas. First they would go into North America what is now Canada, and then they would move on down until they hit Mexico, and they would keep going down to South America. • Indians have their own explanation of how they migrated. • When the Europeans arrived in 1492 they view the Americas as a wild, untouched wilderness. They didn’t see the kind of culture and surroundings that they were used to, so they assumed, though they were wrong, that it was untouched. • New England Indians- cold, early frost, rocky soil difficult to farm. Instead of farming they hunted and gathered. During the winter they had to break up into small bands in order to support themselves. • Southern Indians- warmer, combined farming with hunting and gathering. They had good soil in order to produce corn, beans, and squash/pumpkins. These there crops are known as the 3 sisters. They were planted together, complemented on another, and were very nutritious. They would set fire to trees to burn them down and clear them out. They would also set fire to grass in order to grow new grass which would attract deer. Fire was also used to get rid of insects. • Great Plains Indians- planted the 3 sisters in the east and hunted bison in the west. • Americas Southwest Indians- Hohokam- very innovative, extensive irrigators to channel water in order to farm in the desert. • Cahokia- a city near St. Louis, Missouri. Population of about 20,000 people. It was settled around 650 C.E. It was shortly abandoned by 1400 C.E. It was settled by the Mississippian culture. They would build mounds for ceremonial and storage purposes. It was a corn cultivating city. They also made pottery and tools. It died off possibly because the people used up the resources and land around them. Another idea is they used up all of the wood supply. All this is before Christopher Columbus. • October 12, 1942- Columbus arrives on the Island of San Salvador. • 1001 C.E.- The Vikings arrive in North America. Thorvald Eriksson led the men....
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- Fall '07
- History, Plymouth Colony, Indentured servant, Massachusetts Bay Colony