Asthma and Stepwise Management Walden University NURS-6521N-, Advanced Pharmacology June 24, 2018 INTRODUCTION Asthma has affected approximately 300 million people in the world (Fitzgerald, Reddel, Boulet, & Hurd, 2015). It has been a significant problem in the world, and it affects all age groups. Several symptoms are associated with asthma such as a cough, chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath. The symptoms are due to bronchoconstriction and increased mucus production in the airway. Asthma treatment aims at preventing the symptoms by reducing
2 ASTHMA MANAGEMENT airway hyperactivity and inflammation (Falk, Hughes, & Rodgers, 2016). There different approaches when it comes to asthma treatment which includes long-term medication and quick- relief medication. Long-term control, Quick Relief Treatment, and Impact Long-term control treatment aims at preventing asthma attacks and relieving chronic symptoms. Many people who suffer from asthma attacks use long-term medication to control the symptoms of the condition. Long-term asthma medication should be taken regularly and preferably daily to manage the symptoms of asthma effectively (Meyerson, 2015). Some of the long-term asthma treatment drugs include Theophylline, Leukotriene modifiers, Corticosteroids, long-acting beta-antagonists (LABAs) and combination inhalers which consist of both LABAs and corticosteroid(Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017).
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